soldier

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soldier

1. a low-ranking member of the Mafia or other organized crime ring
2. Zoology
a. an individual in a colony of social insects, esp ants, that has powerful jaws adapted for defending the colony, crushing large food particles, etc.
b. (as modifier): soldier ant

soldier

A brick laid vertically with the longer, narrow face exposed. See also: Brick

soldier

a serving member of an army. In its original sense the term meant a ‘hired man’, reflecting the fact that in premodern states, with some exceptions (e.g. Roman), rather than being conscripted to a citizen army, soldiers were recruited to the personal service of rulers or warlords on a more ad hoc basis. Compare STANDING ARMY.

Soldier

 

(1) An enlisted man.

(2) In the broad sense, a warrior, a military man, or a military veteran.

(3) In the figurative sense, a person who has devoted himself to a cause, for example, a soldier of the revolution.

The term “soldier” originally meant a mercenary warrior who was paid for his service; it appeared in Italy in the 15th century and later gained currency in Western Europe. In Russia, the term (soldat) appeared in the 17th century with the formation of infantry regiments of the new order, modeled on Western European armies. In the regular Russian Army beginning in the 18th century, a recruit received the rank of soldier after a specified time of service. Serfs conscripted under the system of compulsory service recruitment (18th and first half of the 19th century) were emancipated and passed into the soldiers’ estate (soldatskoe soslovie), which included the soldiers’ wives and children.

After the abolition of serfdom in 1861 and the introduction of the compulsory military service system in 1874, the soldiers’ estate ceased to exist, and personnel of the lower ranks—from private to acting officer—were no longer officially called soldiers; the term “soldier” was retained only in the expression “new soldier” (molodoi soldat) to designate recruits who had not yet completed the program of basic training.

After the February Revolution of 1917, the designation “lower rank” was replaced with the rank of soldier in accord with the March 5 order of the military authority. Withthe formation of the Red Army, low-ranking enlisted men were given the rank of krasnoarmeets (“Red Army soldier”) beginning in January 1918. In July 1946 the category of soldier, which included the ranks of private and private first class, was introduced in the Soviet armed forces (seeMILITARY RANKS).

A. G. KAVTARADZE

soldier

soldier, 1
1. A brick that is laid on end, i.e., positioned vertically with its narrower face showing on the wall surface; compare with sailor.
2. Same as soldier pile.

soldier pile, soldier

1. In excavation work, a vertical member which takes the side thrust from horizontal sheeting or from walings and which is supported by struts across the excavation.
2. A vertical member used to prevent the movement of formwork; is held in place by struts, bolts, or wires.
References in periodicals archive ?
He also served as a career soldier for 35 years, rose to four-star rank and became the chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.
George Marshall, the first career soldier ever to win the Nobel Peace Prize, was Chief of Staff of the US Army during WWII, and, as Secretary of State, introduced what became known as the Marshall Plan to save Europe from post-war economic ruin.
Required reading for all members of the US Marines Corps and a frequent component of the curriculum at military academies, this classic details the life of a career soldier, Sam Damon, from the battlefields of WW I through the Cold War.
Career soldier Lord William Beresford (1847-1900) won the Victoria Cross in South Africa during the Zulu War of 1879, and was later a senior army officer in India.
Meigs, a career soldier in the Army Corps of Engineers, distinguished himself as an engineer and military planner and was elected to the National Academy of Sciences in 1865.
He became a career soldier, serving two tours of duty in Vietnam and spending time in Panama.
As the daughter of a man killed in Vietnam and the spouse of a career soldier, I do know of the many evils and hardships that accompany the decision to serve in the military.
Premier Tang Fei, a retired career soldier and member of the major opposition Nationalist Party (KMT), had said he wanted a person with experience in financial and economic matters to fill the post, for which the ruling Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) lacks experience and talent.
Many regulars held managerial jobs in staff posts, but being a career soldier was neither a choice of the competitive marketplace nor necessarily one of the virile physical exercise, domination, and aggression that is implicit in stereotypes of the frontier soldier.
Three Kings" centers around career soldier Archie Gates (Clooney), who has been marking time in his Gulf War base camp while high-tech U.
The reappointment of Thinni, a former defence minister and career soldier who has been prime minister since March, sets him the challenge of reasserting government control over a country where many fear a descent into full-scale civil war.
A career soldier, who married in 1913, he was shot in the arm and wounded early in the war but recovered sufficiently to be sent back into battle.

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