Cargo Transport

Cargo Transport


the movement of freight by means of various types of transport—universal or special. (The movement of soil on a construction project by means of bulldozers and other construction machines is not related to cargo transport.)

There are two types of cargo transport: intraproduction cargo transport, which is technologically related to the production of one or another item within the boundaries of a specific enterprise, and national economic cargo transport, which involves the transport of products from producers to consumers either directly (transit deliveries) or by way of trade networks and long-term storehouses (repeated shipments). Cargo transport volume (in tons) depends on production and import volumes and the coefficient of shipment repetition, that is, the factor denoting the number of times the same ton of production is shipped from a production enterprise to the place where it is ultimately used (in production or by final consumers). The coefficient of repetition depends on the existing system of product procurement and marketing, the magnitude of shipment transit norms, the capacity and location of warehouses, the degree of development of so-called mixed shipments carried by two or more modes of transport (in such shipments the same product is considered separately for each mode of transport; that is. it can be counted more than once), and other factors. As a rule, in socialist nations the coefficient of shipment repetition is lower than in capitalist nations because of the advantages of the planned system of enterprise supply and product marketing.

In 1967 all modes of transport in all the world’s nations transported about 85 billion tons an average distance of 258 kilometers. With the total size of all the world’s industrial and agricultural products equal to about 26 billion tons, each production ton was shipped an average of 3.3 times. In 1970 in the USSR almost 18 billion tons of cargo were shipped.

The world’s cargo-transport volume has increased almost 15 times during the past 50 years; it increased more than 80 times within the USSR from 1913 to 1970. In 1970 (by tonnage) most transport was carried by motor vehicles; fourfifths of the cargo transport was done by motor vehicles (for short distances) and one-fifth by other modes of transport (for long distances).


References in periodicals archive ?
Beyond the strong growth rate, SkyCargo is distinguished by its ongoing innovation in air cargo transport, developing systems and strategies that reverberate beyond Dubai," the editors said.
The contract has as its object the service to cargo transport and agricultural use of waste CER 19:08:05 (sludges from treatment of urban waste water), and cargo transport and disposal in suitable site provision authorized waste CER 19:08:02 (elimination of waste sand) and CER 19:08:01 (sieve), produced in the course of the treatment plant site in consortium Loc.
SAS Cargo Group A/S, the cargo transport division of the Scandinavian airline SAS, said on Thursday (14 September) that it was joining a cargo portal, which will make it possible for freight forwarders to book and confirm directly via the Internet.
As the managing agent of the vessel operating companies, Industrial Maritime Carriers (USA) and (Bahamas), and Linea Naviera Paramaconi in Venezuela, Intermarine is the largest provider of project and breakbulk cargo transport from the United States to South America and Asia.
Ruby Duprey and Darrel McCracken of Oxnard stood in the shadow of the Lockheed Super Constellation military medevac and cargo transport aircraft, built in 1953.
America Cargo Transport is a very logical fit for Foss, both in terms of its focus and its culture," said Gary C.
A, which is majority owned by public local entities, manages Verona airport with approximately 3 million annual passengers, and the airport of Brescia, a small regional airport with less than 1 million annual passengers, specialised in cargo transport.
United Airlines and American Airlines said they have reached settlements in lawsuits filed in US courts seeking damages for alleged price-fixing related to air cargo transport, but both carriers claimed no payments will be made.
SAS Cargo Group A/S, the cargo transport division of the Scandinavian airline SAS, reported on Wednesday (1 March) a pre-tax profit of SEK68m on revenue of SEK3.
17 /PRNewswire/ -- Boeing Commercial Airplane Group and Cargolux Airlines International opened a new chapter in air cargo transport today when the Luxembourg-based all-freight carrier took delivery of its first 747-400 Freighter.
OTCBB:APNX) announced that its operating subsidiary Alpine Air, a leading provider of regional air cargo transport and logistics services, experienced a non-injury aircraft accident near Rapid City, South Dakota airport early Friday morning in adverse weather conditions.
It additionally reiterated its desire to see paper documentation eliminated from air cargo transport but conceded that the "legal framework" does not exist in any country to move to a full "e-freight" system.