Caria

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Caria

(kâ`rēə), ancient region of SW Asia Minor, S of the Maeander River, which separated it from Lydia. The territory is in present SW Asian Turkey. The Carians were probably a native people, but their region was settled by both Dorian and Ionian colonists. Caria was a center of the Ionian revolt (c.499 B.C.) that was a prelude to the Persian Wars. Some of the communities joined (c.468 B.C.) the Delian League. In the 4th cent. B.C. the region was united under a satrapy of princes, of whom the most celebrated was MausolusMausolus
, d. 353 B.C., Persian satrap, ruler over Caria (c.376–353 B.C.). He was always more or less independent. One of the satraps who revolted against Artaxerxes II, he later allied himself with the Persian kings.
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. Alexander the Great conquered Caria, and it changed hands often in the wars after his death. In 125 B.C. it was made a Roman province (part of the province of Asia). Cnidus, Halicarnassus, and Miletus were famous Carian cities.

Caria

 

an ancient region in southwestern Asia Minor (in modern Turkey). It was named for the Carian tribe, which settled in the region at the end of the second millennium b.c. The studies of the Soviet scholar V. V. Shevoroshkin have established that the language of the Carians belongs to the Hittite-Luwian (Luvian) group of Indo-European languages. At the end of the second millennium b.c., the coast of Caria and the offshore islands were colonized by the Greeks, who founded the cities of Halicarnassus, Cnidus, Miletus, and Magnesia. In the sixth to the fourth century b.c., Caria was subordinate to the Achae-menids but retained its local rulers and satraps. At the end of the fourth century b.c., it was conquered by Alexander the Great. Later, the region was a dependency of the Seleucids. In 129 b.c., Caria was incorporated into the Roman province of Asia.

REFERENCES

Shevoroshkin, V. V. Issledovaniia po deshifrovke kariiskikh nadpisei. Moscow, 1965.
Robert, L., and J. Robert. La Carie: Histoire et géographie histor-ique…. Paris, 1955.

T. M. SHEPUNOVA

References in periodicals archive ?
During the year, Carian College Advisors is geared to guide dozens of Bahraini students in securing admission to leading US universities, as it plays the role of preparing, guiding, and assisting them in their preparation and application endeavours.
Carian College Advisors and NSR will work together to raise awareness about the lucrative financial, academic and networking benefits available to recruited student athletes at US universities, as well as create pathways for them to achieve their academic and athletic goals.
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Artemisia, who was a warrior-woman, played a significant role in the protection of the Asian Union and she achieved fame by adopting a stance against Rhodes as the Admiral of the Carian fleet in 480 BC.
McAnally's paper, on the creation of Carian identity, discusses the way in which a single fragment of mytho-genealogical history can be used to explore how societies constructed identity and the ways in which readings of construction changed depending on the identity of the constructor.
And Carian Scudamore has been forced to withdraw from the individual showjumping at the Games, starting today, after an injury to her horse Mister McGyver.
WELSH rider Carian Scudamore admitted she was happy to finally let her show jumping skills do the talking after kicking off her Youth Olympic Games medal hunt in perfect fashion in Singapore.
The husband of this "woman" was Hierocles, a Carian slave, once the favourite of Gordius, from whom he had learned to drive a chariot'.
The Accenture Young Showjumper of the Year crown, meanwhile, went to Britain's Matthew Sampson, with Joe Clayton second and Welsh prospect Carian Scudamore third.
Chemakum, Akkadian, Carian, Illinois, Cumbric and Hadramautic are all examples of what?
Giarabub-Porto Bardia (Capra 1929); Carian (Jannone 1938; Massa 1998); El Kouf 30.
While Harrison (1998:1-2) entertains the possibility that, having been born in Halicarnassus, Herodotus may have known Carian, he rejects this on the grounds that there is no evidence of such knowledge in his work.