Caribs


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Financial.
Related to Caribs: Arawaks, Tainos

Caribs

(kăr`ĭbz), native people formerly inhabiting the Lesser Antilles, West Indies. They seem to have overrun the Lesser Antilles and to have driven out the ArawakArawak
, linguistic stock of indigenous people who came from South America and, at the time of the Spanish Conquest, occupied the islands of the Greater Antilles, the Bahamas, Trinidad, and other areas of Amazonia.
..... Click the link for more information.
 about a century before the arrival of Christopher Columbus. The original name by which the Caribs were known, Galibi, was corrupted by the Spanish to Caníbal and is the origin of the English word cannibal. Extremely warlike and ferocious, they practiced cannibalism and took pride in scarification (ritual cutting of the skin) and fasting. The Carib language was spoken only by the men, while the women spoke Arawak. This was so because Arawak women, captured in raids, were taken as wives by the Carib men. Fishing, agriculture, and basketmaking were the chief domestic activities. The Caribs were expert navigators, crisscrossing a large portion of the Caribbean in their canoes. After European colonization began in the 17th cent., they were all but exterminated. A group remaining on St. Vincent mingled with black slaves who escaped from a shipwreck in 1675. This group was transferred (1795) by the British to Roatán island off the coast of Honduras. They have gradually migrated north along the coast into Guatemala. A few Caribs survive on a reservation on the island of Dominica. The Carib, or Cariban, languages are a separate family. Carib-speaking tribes are found in N Honduras, Belize, central Brazil, and N South America.

Caribs

 

(incorrectly, Caraibs), a group of Indian tribes in South America (the Motilon, Macushi, Arecuna, Waiwai, Carijona, Bacairi, and others) who speak Cariban languages and have common origins. According to rough estimates, there are approximately 100, 000–150, 000 Caribs. Their religion consists of tribal cults.

The Caribs live primarily in the tropical forest and savanna zone north of the Amazon River (in Venezuela, Colombia, Brazil, Honduras, and other countries). They engage in semino-madic slash-and-fallow agriculture, fishing, hunting, and food-gathering. Their main form of social organization is the neighbor community, with considerable vestiges of maternal kinship relations.

REFERENCE

Narody Ameriki, vol. 2. Moscow, 1959.
References in periodicals archive ?
They were put to the test in 1719 when a French plot was hatched to invade Saint Vincent to reduce the Black Caribs to their "original state of slavery.
It should have been a cue to the French that although the red Caribs were invited to join the expedition, they politely declined and stood on the sidelines; but no, inflamed with the prospect of easy pickings, the whites disembarked and marched off into the bush hot on the trail of the Black Caribs.
Characters such as Carib, Mamag, and Willive struggle against forgetting the historical ties that have implications for the present.
The ritual chewing of their dead enemies' flesh and hearts was done, anthropologists now know, to impart their enemies' wisdom and valor to the Caribs.
Significantly, when the Spaniards burst upon the scene, the Caribs survived the Conquest.
The ethnic complexion of the population of some 75,000, of which about four-fifths live in the capital Roseau, is described as being principally of African heritage with some 3,000 Caribs.
Our observations indicate that male Purplethroated Caribs continue to associate with patches of H.
This installation, shot on the Caribbean island of Grenada where McQueen's parents were born, shows the history of the Caribs who in 1651, rather than surrender to French soldiers, threw themselves over the cliffs in a collective act of sacrifice.
Among purple-throated caribs, Eulampis jugularis, the largest hummingbird on St.
Along the eastern Caribbean's northern rim lived the Arawaks of Puerto Rico and Hispaniola, a populou,s peaceful race who were the traditional victims and enemies of the Caribs.
Called "Black Caribs" by the British to distinguish them from Native American Caribs, the Garifuna were a proud people who resisted colonization for more than 100 years.
Today the population is primarily a mixture of blacks, East Indians and Portuguese, but the English, French and indigenous Caribs all have left an indelible mark as well.