soma

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Related to Carisoprodol: cyclobenzaprine, Tramadol

soma

(sō`mə), psychotropic plant, the juice of which was sometimes drunk as part of the Vedic sacrifice (see VedaVeda
[Sanskrit,=knowledge, cognate with English wit, from a root meaning know], oldest scriptures of Hinduism and the most ancient religious texts in an Indo-European language.
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). Many hymns in the Rig-Veda are in praise of soma. In the late Vedic period substitutes for soma came to be used, and the original plant was lost. It has recently been identified with the fly agaric mushroom, Amanita muscaria, used in Siberian shamanism.

Bibliography

See R. G. Wasson, Soma: Divine Mushroom of Immortality (1971).

Soma

 

a term introduced by the German zoologist A. Weismann to designate the body of an organism, in contrast to the germ plasm, that is transmitted from generation to generation through the sex cells (seeGERM TRACK). Weismann maintained that the soma could not affect the characteristics of the germ plasm. The differentiation of an organism into soma and germ plasm (the hereditary substance) proves that it is impossible to inherit characteristics acquired as a result of environmental conditions during an organism’s development (seeACQUIRED CHARACTER). The adjective “somatic” is used to indicate physical phenomena as opposed to phenomena of a psychological nature.

soma

[′sō·mə]
(biology)
The whole of the body of an individual, excluding the germ tract.

soma

drug that induces forgetfulness. [Br. Lit.: Brave New World]
References in periodicals archive ?
Carisoprodol Tablets USP 250 mg and 350 mg has sales of about $38 Million.
The AS (Ashworth, 1964) was originally developed to assess responsiveness to treatment of spasticity to treatment with carisoprodol in multiple sclerosis.
Contributors working in brain research, psychology, public health, psychiatry, cardiology, and other medical fields in Europe, Africa, the US, and Japan discuss the use of psychotropic analgesic nitrous oxide for alcohol withdrawal; withdrawal from SSRIs, benzodiazepine, carisoprodol, caffeine, cocaine, and alcohol; and the impact of aspirin withdrawal in patients with coronary artery disease.
The drugs covered in this edition include general anaesthetic agents (inhalational and intravenous), local anaesthetics, neuromuscular blocking drugs and a somewhat bizarre collection of muscle relaxants (including baclofen, botulinum toxins, carisoprodol, chlormezanone, dantrolene and some others).
Carisoprodol has been removed from the European market because of its potential for abuse.
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The contents were unlicensed medicines in the form of sildenafil and tadalafil (both used to treat erectile dysfunction), carisoprodol (used as a muscle relaxant) and sibutramine hydrochloride (used to treat obesity).
Investigators for the MHRA visiting the company had discovered Sildenafil and Tadalafil, both used to treat erectile dysfunction, Carisoprodol, used as a muscle relaxant, and Sibutramine Hydrochloride, used to treat obesity, the agency said.
Commonly used muscle relaxant therapies for acute low back pain: a review of carisoprodol, cy-clobenzaprine hydrochloride, and metaxalone.
She was also taking propranolol 10 mg twice a day and amlodipine 5 mg once a day for hypertension; pancrelipase 1 tablet with meals for pancreatic insufficiency; phenytoin 300 mg once a day for seizure history; metoclopramide 10 mg four times a day for gastroparesis; tizanidine 4 mg at night; carisoprodol 350 mg three times a day and hydrocodone 10/325 mg as needed for chronic back pain; and levothyroxine 75 mcg daily as thyroid replacement therapy.
Also missing were 415 Carisoprodol pills, 33 Robaxin, 79 Topomax/Klonopin and 24 diuretics/antibiotics - although it is not clear whether she had downed them all.
RANK COST DRUG NAME 2003 2002 INCREASE * Oxycontin 1 1 15% Neurontin 2 3 12% Celebrex 3 2 12% Hydroco/Apap 4 5 12% Vioxx 5 4 6% Duragesic 6 6 14% Bextra 7 11 33% Carisoprodol 8 7 8% Ambien 9 9 14% Skelaxin 10 13 29% Lidoderm 11 22 12% Tizanidine 12 37 60% Cyclobenzapr 13 12 11% Tramadol Hcl 14 35 30% Actiq 15 32 55% Ultracet 16 19 23% Percocet 17 21 30% Ranitidine 18 27 26% Propo-N/Apap 19 14 -3% Effexor Xr 20 17 13% Naproxen 21 16 17% Topamax 22 24 22% Morphine Sul 23 29 -1% Zoloft 24 18 6% Wellbutrin 25 31 3% Sub-Total Top 25 12% * Change in the average prescription cost in the calendar year for claimants receiving the drug.