Karl Ritter

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Ritter, Karl

 

Born Aug. 7, 1779, in Quedlinburg; died Sept. 28, 1859, in Berlin. German geographer. Professor at the University of Berlin from 1820. Member of the Prussian Academy of Sciences from 1822.

Ritter was the author of the vast work Erdkunde (Geography), which constituted an attempt to integrate materials on individual regions of the earth; 19 volumes, devoted to Asia and Africa, were published during his lifetime. Erdkunde (Ritter introduced the term in geography) defined geography as an “explanatory” science, and it contained a delineation and description of natural regions based on natural, primarily orographic, characteristics.

In Ritter’s view, the object of geography is to learn about relationships between different forms of matter on the earth’s surface and to study individual geographic areas. Using the comparative method, Ritter attempted to classify and explain many natural phenomena and came very close to the concept of landscape, which he considered as an indivisible unit. In his interpretation of the interrelations between nature and the elements of civilization and culture, he followed geographic determinism. Many of the positions he took in his works found their support in idealist teleology. Ritter attempted to prove that nature has a determining influence on the fortunes of man, which promoted the development of geopolitics. His ideas in many ways shaped the development of geographic thought in the 19th and early 20th centuries.

A mountain range in the Nan Shan system was named in honor of Ritter (seeDAKEN-DABAN).

WORKS

Die Erdkunde im Verhältniss zur Natur und zur Geschichte der Menschen, vols. 1-19. Berlin, 1822-59.
Einleitung zur allgemeinen vergleichenden Geographie. Berlin, 1852.
Geschichte der Erdkunde und der Entdeckungen. Berlin, 1861.
In Russian translation:
Zemlevedenie Azii, parts 1-5. St. Petersburg, 1856-79. (Translated and supplemented by P. P. Semenov.)
Obshchee zemlevedenie. Moscow, 1864.

A. IU. RETEIUM

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Margo Rey's cancer journey will offer inspiration to so many people," said Carl Ritter, chief executive officer for the Sarasota-based nonprofit.
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Brides Against Breast Cancer's mission complements and supports our wide-ranging services and programs," said Carl Ritter, CEO, Center for Building Hope (CBH), which recently acquired the organization and moved its national headquarters to Sarasota.
Our beautifully designed 'green' building will be dedicated on October 19 with a new name on the door reflecting our ongoing mission," said Carl Ritter, CEO of the Sarasota organization.
We were pleased to 'tie the knot' with Brides Against Breast Cancer, whose mission complements our wide-ranging cancer support services and programs," said Carl Ritter, CEO, Cancer Support Community Florida Suncoast.
Andrea is an experienced counselor who is familiar with the emotional needs of patients, family and caregivers dealing with life-threatening medical conditions," said Carl Ritter, CEO of the Sarasota organization.
There are no other companies in our vertical market growing at the rate we are," said Carl Ritter, Carbiz chief executive officer.
Carbiz Auto Credit had sales of $189,530 up to July 2004 and is on track as compared to our projections" stated Carl Ritter, Chief Executive Officer, he said further, "I am pleased with the quarter results, we expect the Palmetto facility to deliver greater results in sales and operating profit in the third quarter.