Carl Von Linde

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Linde, Carl Von


Born June 11, 1842, in Berndorf; died Nov. 16, 1934, in Munich. German physicist and engineer.

Linde received the degree of doctor of philosophy from the University of Göttingen. From 1868 to 1878 and from 1892 to 1910 he was a professor at the Technische Hochschule in Munich. In 1879 he founded a society for refrigerating machines (Gesellschaft fur Linde’s Eismaschinen AG) in Wiesbaden. In 1895 he designed and built the first industrial installation for the production of liquid air based on the Joule-Thomson effect and improved the process by introducing precooling. Later Linde worked on the problem of separating into constituents mixtures of various gases of industrial importance. In 1902 he devised and in 1907 substantially perfected a continuously operating rectification apparatus for the separation of air into its components.


Claude, J. Zhidkii vozdukh. Leningrad, 1930. Pages 71–74. (Translated from French.)
Carl von Linde, Zum 90 Geburtstag. Berlin, 1932. (Includes a bibliography of Linde’s works.)
Tekhnika nizkikh temperatur. Moscow-Leningrad, 1964.
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It is represented worldwide with a campus in Singapore as well as offices in Beijing, Brussels, Cairo, Mumbai, San Francisco, and SAaAaAeALo Paul Nobel Prize winners and inventors such as Rudolf Diesel, Carl von Linde, and Rudolf MAaAaAeA [sz]bauer have done research at TUM.
A mathematics teacher, he was the first person to transform sounds and words into electric current that could be reproduced elsewhere 1876: Refrigerator On March 25, 1876, Carl von Linde (1842-1934) was awarded the patent for the first refrigerator, which used ammonia as a cooling agent.
All attempts to manufacture threads of similar strength have failed thus far," explains Professor Horst Kessler, Carl von Linde Professor at the Institute for Advanced Study at the TU Muenchen (TUM-IAS).