Carlo Levi


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Levi, Carlo

 

Born Nov. 29, 1902, in Turin; died Jan. 4, 1975, in Rome. Italian writer, painter, and public figure.

Levi received an education in medicine. In 1935 he was sent into exile for antifascist activity. He participated in the resistance movement. In Christ Stopped at Eboli (1945; Russian translation, 1955), Levi wrote of the burdensome life of the peasantry under fascism. In his book of essays Words Are Stones (1955; Russian translation, 1957), Levi identified the radical change in the consciousness of the Sicilian poor who, in their struggle for their rights, become aware of their class solidarity. The Future Has an Ancient Soul (1956) is Levi’s diary of his journey to the “land of the future,” the USSR. In his book of essays The Honey Is All Gone (1964; Russian translation, 1966), Levi depicted the improvements in the life of the people of Sardinia in the postwar years.

In painting, Levi’s style developed in the 1920’s under the influence of fauvism and expressionism. In the 1930’s he aligned himself with the progressive art movement that was directed against official art. In the 1950’s, Levi became a prominent representative of the sociorealistic tendency. He created generalized images of peasants from Lucania (Children of the Witch, 1936; Three Peasants, 1955) and paintings whose subject was the heroic peasant struggle (The Mourning of Rocco Scotellaro, 1954). Levi was active in the progressive social movement in postwar Italy. In 1963 he was elected to the Senate as an independent, on the electoral roll of the Italian Communist Party.

WORKS

La doppia notte dei tigli. Turin, 1959.

REFERENCES

Germanetto, G. “Glazami khudozhnika.” Oktiabr’, 1956, no. 10.
Potapova, Z. M. Neorealizm v ital’ianskoi literature. Moscow, 1961.
Scaramucci, I. Romanzi del nostro tempo. Brescia, 1956.
Testaguzza, A. Carlo Levi, scrittore. Florence, 1969.
Falaschi, G. Levi. Florence, 1971. (Contains bibliography.)

V. V. GORIAINOV and Z. M. POTAPOVA

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The title appears to give priority to Carlo Levi as artist, implying that he was essentially a painter who applied an artistic vision and technique to writing, while in fact the bulk of the book is dedicated to Levi's achievements as author.
It seems somehow fitting that this deeply sorrowful tale takes place in this remote region, immortalized by Carlo Levi when he was sent there under confinement by Mussolini.
presidency, but more successfully had written the monograph "Prisoners of Hope" recounting the stories of a half dozen Italian Jewish authors, including Primo, Carlo Levi, Natalia Ginsburg, and Giorgio Bassani.
Luigi Cazzato's "Questione meridionale and Global South: If the Italian South Meets its Global Brother" touches upon the many examples of associations between Southern Italy and Africa, providing examples of Orientalist representations as well as non-Orientalist ones, such as those of Ernesto De Martino and Carlo Levi.
Siporin justly notes that "the discord between tradition and assimilation, as an intracommunity conflict, is at the heart of Segre's memoir," and while rightfully assigning Segre a place among the best-known Italian authors of Jewish ancestry--Primo Levi, Giorgio Bassani, Carlo Levi, Natalia Ginzburg, Alberto Moravia, and Italo Svevo--he dutifully notes that while the others were "assimilated and nonobservant," "Jewish identity, religion, and culture form the soul of Augusto Segre's memoir.
Its particular achievement consists of its new readings of the modes of representation of the nation through its rural narratives: the novels of peasant crisis produced from the 1930s to the 1950s by Ignazio Silone, Carlo Levi, Francesco Jovine, and Cesare Pavese.
Sin embargo, El gatopardo concito contrastantes y polemicas opiniones: Carlo Levi, por ejemplo, la califico "como otro signo de decadencia" e imnediatamente se convirtio en best-seller.
The editor has cast his net wide and writers include Cicero, Vincent Cronin, Steven Runciman, Goethe, Lampedusa, Pirandello, Charlotte Chapman, Carlo Levi and Andrea Camilleri.
Gigliola De Donato, Luisa Montevecchi, and Giulio Ferroni have rescued some of the most insightful and entertaining writings of the famous Italian intellectual Carlo Levi from archival obscurity with their well-organized anthology, Fleeting Rome: In Search of la Dolce Vita.
The decision to treat the novel may be in part related to the success of recent editorial projects on Italian fiction like "Steerforth Italia," from Steerforth Press of Vermont (which recently reissued William Weaver's excellent translations of novels by Alberto Moravia, Elsa Morante, and Carlo Levi, alongside classics like Giovanni Verga's Little Novels of Sicily and Carlo Collodi's Pinocchio) and the commendable work of younger translators, such as Oonagh Stransky and Michael E Moore, who are constantly bringing new Italian fiction to the shelves of American bookstores.