Carlo Levi


Also found in: Wikipedia.

Levi, Carlo

 

Born Nov. 29, 1902, in Turin; died Jan. 4, 1975, in Rome. Italian writer, painter, and public figure.

Levi received an education in medicine. In 1935 he was sent into exile for antifascist activity. He participated in the resistance movement. In Christ Stopped at Eboli (1945; Russian translation, 1955), Levi wrote of the burdensome life of the peasantry under fascism. In his book of essays Words Are Stones (1955; Russian translation, 1957), Levi identified the radical change in the consciousness of the Sicilian poor who, in their struggle for their rights, become aware of their class solidarity. The Future Has an Ancient Soul (1956) is Levi’s diary of his journey to the “land of the future,” the USSR. In his book of essays The Honey Is All Gone (1964; Russian translation, 1966), Levi depicted the improvements in the life of the people of Sardinia in the postwar years.

In painting, Levi’s style developed in the 1920’s under the influence of fauvism and expressionism. In the 1930’s he aligned himself with the progressive art movement that was directed against official art. In the 1950’s, Levi became a prominent representative of the sociorealistic tendency. He created generalized images of peasants from Lucania (Children of the Witch, 1936; Three Peasants, 1955) and paintings whose subject was the heroic peasant struggle (The Mourning of Rocco Scotellaro, 1954). Levi was active in the progressive social movement in postwar Italy. In 1963 he was elected to the Senate as an independent, on the electoral roll of the Italian Communist Party.

WORKS

La doppia notte dei tigli. Turin, 1959.

REFERENCES

Germanetto, G. “Glazami khudozhnika.” Oktiabr’, 1956, no. 10.
Potapova, Z. M. Neorealizm v ital’ianskoi literature. Moscow, 1961.
Scaramucci, I. Romanzi del nostro tempo. Brescia, 1956.
Testaguzza, A. Carlo Levi, scrittore. Florence, 1969.
Falaschi, G. Levi. Florence, 1971. (Contains bibliography.)

V. V. GORIAINOV and Z. M. POTAPOVA

Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
A proposito di Albino Pierro--e cio dimostra la capacita del Siani di trasformare cultura in mezzo di convincimento--egli lo rimenziona nella sua recensione di un volume di Gigliola De Donato in cui il giudizio di Ernesto De Martino sul poeta lucano (il concetto del "villaggio vivente nella memoria") e visto come la "chiave della sensiblita meridionalistica" di Carlo Levi.
The title appears to give priority to Carlo Levi as artist, implying that he was essentially a painter who applied an artistic vision and technique to writing, while in fact the bulk of the book is dedicated to Levi's achievements as author.
It seems somehow fitting that this deeply sorrowful tale takes place in this remote region, immortalized by Carlo Levi when he was sent there under confinement by Mussolini.
presidency, but more successfully had written the monograph "Prisoners of Hope" recounting the stories of a half dozen Italian Jewish authors, including Primo, Carlo Levi, Natalia Ginsburg, and Giorgio Bassani.
Luigi Cazzato's "Questione meridionale and Global South: If the Italian South Meets its Global Brother" touches upon the many examples of associations between Southern Italy and Africa, providing examples of Orientalist representations as well as non-Orientalist ones, such as those of Ernesto De Martino and Carlo Levi.
The editor has cast his net wide and writers include Cicero, Vincent Cronin, Steven Runciman, Goethe, Lampedusa, Pirandello, Charlotte Chapman, Carlo Levi and Andrea Camilleri.
The young novelist (Piperno is thirty-three years old), in concentrating on the excesses and sexual exploits of this wealthy Jewish milieu, makes a sharp turn away from the world of such Italian writers as Carlo Levi or Primo Levi.
Yeadon (accompanied for most of the year by his wife, Anne) has done what all serious students of literature dream about: he has followed the trail of one of his favorite books, Christ Stopped at Eboli by Carlo Levi, to experience for himself the uncanniness of southern Italy, replete with its superstition, poverty, ancient ways, curses, and the supernatural.
In the 1950s, however, influential writer Carlo Levi wrote a book about Matera and it became a national scandal that people still lived in these ancient dwellings.
That earlier byline endeavor already brought Astarita south of Eboli where, Carlo Levi reminds us, even Christ did not go; to describe Pentidattilo, the locale of his latest investigation, as godforsaken is no exaggeration.
Wider contacts were culturally enriching but exposed populations to ailments for which they had little resistance; malaria was a killer but - and here one might again invoke Carlo Levi - it debilitated and demoralized yet more widely.