Carlos Manuel de Céspedes

(redirected from Carlos Manuel de Cespedes)

Céspedes, Carlos Manuel de


Born Apr. 18, 1819, in Bayamo; died Feb. 27, 1874, in San Lorenzo. A leader in Cuba’s Ten Years’ War (1868–78), against the Spanish colonialists.

The son of a well-to-do planter, Céspedes studied in Havana and at the universities of Barcelona and Madrid. After freeing his own slaves, he called on them to take part in the liberation struggle. In October 1868 he assumed command of the army of liberation and promulgated the manifesto “A Call From Yara,” which declared Cuba independent. In 1869 he helped draft the first Cuban constitution. In 1874 he was taken prisoner by the Spanish and executed. A great Cuban patriot, Céspedes is known as the father of his country.

References in periodicals archive ?
Less controversial is the Carlos Manuel de Cespedes thermal power plant, which began operations in 1978 with a generating capacity of 398 megawatts, equivalent to 12% of Cuba's total generating capacity.
20 October became the Cuban Culture Day, in the ambit of the freedom of Bayamo city by Carlos Manuel de Cespedes in 1868, a year in which people performed the national anthem of Cuba for the first time.
Castro said he had expended enormous energy during his recent trip to Cordoba, Argentina, to participate in the MERCOSUR meetings and in his hurried return to Cuba to attend the celebration of the 53rd anniversary of the attacks on the Moncada and Carlos Manuel de Cespedes barracks, the wellsprings of the Cuban Revolution.
Notably, Carlos Manuel de Cespedes freed his slaves so that they could fight for Cuban Independence, and from the very beginning ex-slaves fought alongside their former masters in the independence army.
Gonzalez had tears in his eyes when Castro pinned on his dark suit the Carlos Manuel de Cespedes medal and compared Elian's father to Cespedes, an independence hero and the father of Cuba.