Carlsbad Caverns National Park

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See also: National Parks and Monuments (table)National Parks and Monuments

National Parks
Name Type1 Location Year authorized Size
acres (hectares)
Description
Acadia NP SE Maine 1919 48,419 (19,603) Mountain and coast scenery.
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Carlsbad Caverns National Park,

46,766 acres (18,940 hectares), SE N.Mex., in the Guadalupe Mts.; designated a national park in 1930. These connecting limestone caves, with remarkable stalactite and stalagmite formations and huge chambers, began forming 60 million years ago as groundwater started dissolving the rock. The caverns, among the largest in the world, were discovered c.1900 and still have not been completely explored. The temperature of the caves remains constant at 56°F; (13.3°C;). Seven miles (11.3 km) of trail are electrically lighted. The Big Room, 754 ft (230 m) below the surface, is the most majestic of the many chambers; its perimeter is c.1 1-4 mi (2 km) long. Each evening during the spring, summer, and fall, the countless bats that inhabit the cave swarm out to feed on insects. The park also contains 76 other separate caves. See National Parks and MonumentsNational Parks and Monuments

National Parks
Name Type1 Location Year authorized Size
acres (hectares)
Description
Acadia NP SE Maine 1919 48,419 (19,603) Mountain and coast scenery.
..... Click the link for more information.
 (table).

Carlsbad Caverns National Park

Address:3225 National Parks Hwy
Carlsbad, NM 88220

Phone:505-785-2232
Fax:505-785-2133
Web: www.nps.gov/cave/
Size: 46,766 acres.
Established: Proclaimed Carlsbad Cave National Monument on October 25, 1923; established as Carlsbad Caverns National Park on May 14, 1930; designated a World Heritage Site on December 9, 1995.
Location:In southeastern New Mexico. Accessible by way of US 62/180 from either Carlsbad, New Mexico (23 miles to the northeast) or El Paso, Texas (150 miles to the west). A scenic seven-mile entrance road leads from the park gate at Whites City to the visitor center and cavern entrance.
Facilities:Picnic area, rest rooms (é), restaurant/snacks, visitor center (é), museum/exhibit, backcountry trails (50+ miles).
Activities:Camping, hiking, self-guided and guided cave tours, auto touring.
Special Features:Established to preserve Carlsbad Cavern and numerous other caves within a Permian-age fossil reef, the park contains 113 known caves, including Lechuguilla Cave—the nation's deepest limestone cave at 1,567 feet and third longest. From early spring through October, nearly 400,000 Mexican free-tail bats call Carlsbad Caverns home and visitors can watch the evening bat flight from the outdoor amphitheater at the cave's natural entrance.

See other parks in New Mexico.