Carneades


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Carneades

(kärnē`ədēz), 213–129 B.C., Greek philosopher, b. Cyrene. He studied at Athens under Diogenes the Stoic, but reacted against Stoicism and joined the AcademyAcademy,
school founded by Plato near Athens c.387 B.C. It took its name from the garden (named for the hero Academus) in which it was located. Plato's followers met there for nine centuries until, along with other pagan schools, it was closed by Emperor Justinian in A.D. 529.
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, where he taught a skepticism similar to that of ArcesilausArcesilaus
, c.316–c.241 B.C., Greek philosopher of Pitane in Aeolis. He was the principal figure of the Middle Academy. Despite his position in the Academy, his teachings diverged from Platonic doctrine.
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. He denied the possibility of absolute certainty in knowledge; it is disputed whether he held that probable knowledge was adequate to guide a person's actions. He recognized three degrees of probability, and his teaching anticipated modern discussions of the nature of empirical knowledge.

Carneades

 

Born in 214 b.c.; died in 129 b.c. Native of Cyrene. Ancient Greek philosopher; head of Plato’s Academy and founder of the so-called New, or Third, Academy.

An adherent of skepticism, Carneades developed a theory of probability. He left no written works. Carneades was a member of the delegation of philosophers sent to Rome in 156–155 B.C.

REFERENCES

Rikhter, R. Skeptitsizm v filosofii, vol. 1. St. Petersburg, 1910. Pages 80–83.
Credaro, L. Lo scetticismo degli accademici, vols. 1–2. Milan, 1889–93.
References in periodicals archive ?
This strand of work continues to be expanded within the Structured Consultation Tool developed as part of the IMPACT project mentioned previously and the Carneades tools.
Como los coordinadores demuestran en la introduccion del libro, ya los academicos--como Carneades o Arcesilao--parecen desgajar como una consecuencia--digamos, natural--un escepticismo insito en la duda socratica original "solo se que no se nada".
For example, the formal and computational argumentation system CAS (1) (the Carneades Argumentation System) can be applied and will automatically tell the user whether the sequence represents a legitimate argument graph or not.
En efecto, desde Socrates y Platon hasta la Academia Media de Arcesilao y Carneades, la ensenanza de la filosofia habia consistido ante todo en la discusion dialectica.
15: Quod Carneades Academicus elleboro stomachum purgavit scripturus adversus Zenonis Stoici decreta.
Hruschka, Joachim, "Causas de justificacion y causas de exculpacion: la tabla de Carneades en Gentz y en Kant", Revista ADPCP, 2006, (t.
the Greek philosopher Carneades set forth this hypothetical situation, known today as "the plank of Carneades," to posit that strict necessity could serve as a valid defense for an otherwise unlawful action.
Movido por esta conclusion, Ciceron representa la imagen de Carneades en Atenas de la siguiente manera: "Y todavia hoy, aunque por todas partes hay en Atenas lugares con recuerdos de grandes hombres, a mi lo que mas me impresiona es aquella famosa exedra, pues no hace mucho que fue de Carneades a quien me parece estar viendo (su retrato bien conocido), y noto como si el asiento mismo, huerfano de tan gran ingenio, echara de menos aquella voz" (Cic.
In Antiquity, the skeptic Carneades attacked the doctrine of natural law held by the stoics.
Sin animos de ser exhaustivos podemos contar entre sus avatares: el escepticismo radical de Pirron, el escepticismo academico de Carneades, el escepticismo dialectico de Agripa, el escepticismo empirico de Sexto, el escepticismo biblico, la teologia negativa o apofatica, el nominalismo medieval, el escepticismo erasmista, el pirronismo barroco, asi como las diversas reacciones escepticas contra el cientificismo moderno occidental, representadas, entre otros, por Arthur Schopenhauer, Friedrich Nietzsche, William James, Martin Heidegger o Hans Georg Gadamer.
Esta influencia se habia mantenido gracias a las criticas de Ciceron y San Agustin al probabilismo de Carneades y Arcesilao.