Carnegie, Hattie

Carnegie, Hattie (b. Henrietta Kanengeiser)

(1886–1956) fashion designer; born in Vienna, Austria. A childhood immigrant to New York City, she appropriated Andrew Carnegie's surname for her first hat shop (1909). Creating a major fashion house, Carnegie reinterpreted French haute couture for Americans; she popularized the "little Carnegie suit" and the simple black cocktail dress. She married John Zanft in 1927 but did not use his name in her public or professional life.