Carnegiea


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Related to Carnegiea: coryphantha, Pachycereus

Carnegiea

 

a genus of treelike cacti. Its solitary species is the saguaro, or the giant cactus (Carnegiea gigantea). It has a tall columnar trunk (height, up to 10–12 m; diameter, up to 30–65 cm). It has numerous branches in the central part of the trunk that resemble candelabra. The flowers, which are white and funnelform, open at night. Each flower has approximately 3, 500 stamens and 2, 000 ovules. The fruits are juicy and edible. This cactus grows very slowly, no more than 1 m every 20–30 years; the plant lives 100–200 years. It is the dominant species in the deserts of Sonora, Arizona, and southeastern California, growing in isolation on hills and frequently along riverbanks.

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thurberi grow through the production of new stems, whereas Carnegiea gigantea produces a single stem with several branches.
In the long-lived columnar cacti, plants reproduce for the first time when individuals are 33 years old in Carnegiea gigantea (Steenbergh & Lowe, 1977), 70 years old in Cephalocereus columna-trajani (Zavala-Hurtado & Diaz-Solis, 1995), and more than 90 years old in Neobuxbaumia macrocephala (Esparza-Olguin et al.
1992), and the columnar cacti Carnegiea gigantea, Escontria chiotilla, Lophocereus schottii, Neobuxbaumia macrocephala, N.
These favorable conditions appear to be related to particular precipitation and temperature combinations for species such as Carnegiea gigantea, Echinocactus horizonthalonius, Ferocactus cylindraceus, Neobuxbaumia macrocephala, and Opuntia echios (Reid et al.
For instance, the Carnegiea gigantea and the Mammillaria magnimamma 3 populations (a columnar long-lived species and a globose shorter-lived species, respectively) are located at the far-right comer of the triangle, almost in the vortex, while those populations located closer to the center of the triangle include Escontria chiotilla 2, Coryphantha robbinsorum 1, Opuntia rastrera 1, and Mammillaria magnimamma 2, representing three different life-forms.
Carnegiea gigantea) and some populations with a relatively high [lambda] show very low elasticity values for the seedling phase (Table IV; Fig.
uncertainty in the proposed aspect) Species Nurse plant Life-cycle stage Columnar cacti Carnegiea Ambrosia deltoidea S-J-A gigantea * Cercidium microphylum Encelia farinosa Laura tridentata Olneya tesota Prosopis juliflora Cephalocereus Caesalpinia S-J hoppenstedtii * melanadenia Escontria Acacia S-J-A chiotilla * cochliacantha Fouquieria formosa Mimosa luisana M.
Silvertown for allowing us to use the matrix they compiled for Carnegiea gigantea (used in Silvertown et al.