Carniola


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Carniola

(kärnēō`lə), Croatian Kranj, historic region, in Slovenia. The history of this largely mountainous area is closely linked with that of SloveniaSlovenia
, Slovene Slovenija, officially Republic of Slovenia, republic (2005 est. pop. 2,011,000), 7,817 sq mi (20,246 sq km). It is bounded in the north by Austria, in the northeast by Hungary, in the southeast by Croatia, and in the west by Italy.
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. The first known inhabitants, a Celtic tribe called the Carni, were displaced by the Romans, who made Carniola part of their province of PannoniaPannonia
, ancient Roman province, central Europe, southwest of the Danube, including parts of modern Austria, Hungary, Slovenia, Croatia, and Serbia. Its natives, the warlike Pannonians, were Illyrians. Their final subjugation by Rome took place in A.D. 9.
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. Slovenes settled Carniola in the 6th cent. CharlemagneCharlemagne
(Charles the Great or Charles I) [O.Fr.,=Charles the great], 742?–814, emperor of the West (800–814), Carolingian king of the Franks (768–814).
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 later incorporated it into his empire. The region became a march, or margraviate, under Bavarian suzerainty in the 10th cent. and in 1269 was acquired by BohemiaBohemia,
Czech Čechy, historic region (20,368 sq mi/52,753 sq km) and former kingdom, in W and central Czech Republic. Bohemia is bounded by Austria in the southeast, by Germany in the west and northwest, by Poland in the north and northeast, and by Moravia in the
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. It passed to the Austrian Hapsburgs in 1282 and was made (1364) a titular duchy. In 1849 its status was raised to a crown land. LjubljanaLjubljana
, Ger. Laibach, city (1991 pop. 267,008), capital of Slovenia, on the Sava River. An industrial and transportation center, it has industries that manufacture textiles, paper, chemicals, and electronics.
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 was its chief city. After World War I, Carniola was divided between Italy and Yugoslavia, but the Italian part passed to what was then Yugoslavia's constituent republic of Slovenia in 1947.

Carniola

 

(in Slovene, Kranjska; in German, Krain), a historical region in the western part of the Balkan Peninsula.

The nucleus of Carniola was lands in the basin of the Sava River. In antiquity Carniola was populated by tribes of Celts and Illyrians, and in the late sixth century it was settled by Slavs (Slovenes). From the sixth to eighth centuries it was ruled by the Avars. In the late eighth century it was incorporated into the Frankish state. From the second half of the tenth to the early 11th century, part of Carniola belonged to the duchy of Greater Carinthia, the remainder being part of the Slovene march. Until the second half of the 13th century, various German feudal families ruled Carniola; in 1335 it came under the Hapsburgs. Carniola became a duchy in 1364, later becoming one of the Hapsburgs’ crown lands. In the 16th century it was a center of large-scale peasant uprisings (1515 and 1573) and of the Reformation; the Slovene national movement sprang up there in the 19th century. In 1920 much of Carniola was incorporated into the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes (since 1929, Yugoslavia), the rest going to Italy. Under the 1947 peace treaty with Italy, all of Carniola, as part of Slovenia, was reunified with Yugoslavia.

Carniola

a region of N Slovenia: a former duchy and crownland of Austria (1335--1919); divided between Yugoslavia and Italy in 1919; part of Yugoslavia (1947--92)
References in periodicals archive ?
As a result, the Slovenes (the RomanCatholic and Kajkavian speaking population from Carinthia, Carniola, and Styria), the Bulgarians (Bulgarian speaking population from the eastern Balkans), and the Croats (the Roman-Catholic and Kajkavian and Chakavian speaking population from Croatia, Slavonia, and Dalmatia) were excluded from the community of Srtatimirovic's religion-language-based Serbian nation and subsequently from his Slavonic-Serbian state.
According to Ori (1988) and other authors, during the Verrucano Lombardo deposition the climate was dominated by semi-arid to arid conditions, which persisted throughout the Early Triassic up to the Carniola di Bovegno Formation, which is generally ascribed to latest Spathian-early Anisian times.
1641) are a mystery to us, but the title page of the present Flosculus vernalis (Aschaffenburg: author, Balthasar Lipp, 1621) points to his origins in the Hapsburg province of Carniola ("authore Gabriele Plautzio Carniolo").
Despues descienden hacia el puerto de Tarvis y el valle del rio Fella (afluente del Tagliamento), que los separan de las montanas de Carniola, pertenecientes al plegamiento dinarico.
But requests for renegotiation ranged from guarantees for morality to Slovenia's insistence on the addition of special measures for the preservation of its Carniola bees.
von Valvassor recorded that the inhabitants of the regions of Carniola and Dalmatia, on the Adriatic coast of the Balkans thought that the olm, that occasionally appeared where the River Litvern emerges above ground, were the larvae of the dragon living in the underground waters that was responsible for the river's sudden surges.
The country's most spectacular scenery lies in the north-western province of Upper Carniola where the Julian Alps - named after Julius Caesar - offer skiing, ski-jumping and an amazing backdrop to the picture-postcard lakeside resort of Bled.
Adamic immigrated to the United States from Carniola (now in Slovenia) at age 14 and was naturalized in 1918.
Gallus (Jacob Handl) referred to himself as 'Carniolus' or 'Carniolanus', that is, a native of the duchy of Carniola, then part of the Holy Roman Empire and corresponding to much of modern Slovenia.
Bohemia, Hungary, Moravia, Silesia, Carinthia, Carniola, and Styria.
May 10, 1876, Vrhnika, Carniola, Austria-Hungary [now in Slovenia]--d.
This collection was founded by the Jesuits in 1747; their brothers in Steiermark, Carinthia, Carniola, Hungary, Transylvania and the Banat of Temeswar, where they maintained many colleges and ministries, turned over a substantial quantity of minerals which they had collected.