Carniola

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Carniola

(kärnēō`lə), Croatian Kranj, historic region, in Slovenia. The history of this largely mountainous area is closely linked with that of SloveniaSlovenia
, Slovene Slovenija, officially Republic of Slovenia, republic (2005 est. pop. 2,011,000), 7,817 sq mi (20,246 sq km). It is bounded in the north by Austria, in the northeast by Hungary, in the southeast by Croatia, and in the west by Italy.
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. The first known inhabitants, a Celtic tribe called the Carni, were displaced by the Romans, who made Carniola part of their province of PannoniaPannonia
, ancient Roman province, central Europe, southwest of the Danube, including parts of modern Austria, Hungary, Slovenia, Croatia, and Serbia. Its natives, the warlike Pannonians, were Illyrians. Their final subjugation by Rome took place in A.D. 9.
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. Slovenes settled Carniola in the 6th cent. CharlemagneCharlemagne
(Charles the Great or Charles I) [O.Fr.,=Charles the great], 742?–814, emperor of the West (800–814), Carolingian king of the Franks (768–814).
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 later incorporated it into his empire. The region became a march, or margraviate, under Bavarian suzerainty in the 10th cent. and in 1269 was acquired by BohemiaBohemia,
Czech Čechy, historic region (20,368 sq mi/52,753 sq km) and former kingdom, in W and central Czech Republic. Bohemia is bounded by Austria in the southeast, by Germany in the west and northwest, by Poland in the north and northeast, and by Moravia in the
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. It passed to the Austrian Hapsburgs in 1282 and was made (1364) a titular duchy. In 1849 its status was raised to a crown land. LjubljanaLjubljana
, Ger. Laibach, city (1991 pop. 267,008), capital of Slovenia, on the Sava River. An industrial and transportation center, it has industries that manufacture textiles, paper, chemicals, and electronics.
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 was its chief city. After World War I, Carniola was divided between Italy and Yugoslavia, but the Italian part passed to what was then Yugoslavia's constituent republic of Slovenia in 1947.

Carniola

 

(in Slovene, Kranjska; in German, Krain), a historical region in the western part of the Balkan Peninsula.

The nucleus of Carniola was lands in the basin of the Sava River. In antiquity Carniola was populated by tribes of Celts and Illyrians, and in the late sixth century it was settled by Slavs (Slovenes). From the sixth to eighth centuries it was ruled by the Avars. In the late eighth century it was incorporated into the Frankish state. From the second half of the tenth to the early 11th century, part of Carniola belonged to the duchy of Greater Carinthia, the remainder being part of the Slovene march. Until the second half of the 13th century, various German feudal families ruled Carniola; in 1335 it came under the Hapsburgs. Carniola became a duchy in 1364, later becoming one of the Hapsburgs’ crown lands. In the 16th century it was a center of large-scale peasant uprisings (1515 and 1573) and of the Reformation; the Slovene national movement sprang up there in the 19th century. In 1920 much of Carniola was incorporated into the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes (since 1929, Yugoslavia), the rest going to Italy. Under the 1947 peace treaty with Italy, all of Carniola, as part of Slovenia, was reunified with Yugoslavia.

Carniola

a region of N Slovenia: a former duchy and crownland of Austria (1335--1919); divided between Yugoslavia and Italy in 1919; part of Yugoslavia (1947--92)
References in periodicals archive ?
Krainer Medtechnik's President & Managing Director, Guido Carniolan, stated that, "We are pleased to be SpectraScience's distribution partner and believe there is significant market potential for this innovative Gastro Intestinal cancer diagnostic system.
Cobey's New World Carniolan bees are known for their high productivity, rapid spring buildup, overwintering ability, resistance to diseases and gentle temperament.
CARNIOLAN looked a well-treated horse prior to his handicap debut and Walter Swinburn's charge proved the point when stamping his authority on a decent field at Ascot.
Sponsors: 9-2 Redford, 6 Lovelace, 8 Musaalem, 10 King's Apostle, Mastership, 12 Artimino, 14 Carniolan, Giganticus, Hitchens, Little White Lie, Regal Parade, Zaahid, 16 bar.
At Ascot, Kalhari Gold was given a broadside at the start, and also over a furlong out before finishing fourth of six behind Carniolan on good to soft ground.
In a similarly thrilling conclusion to the 7f handicap, Carniolan successfully managed to shoulder a 6lb penalty, getting up in the last stride to pip Brassini.
Walter Swinburn's Carniolan looks a winnerwaiting to happen in the first division of the Racing UK Maiden Stakes at Salisbury.
Adam Kirby failed in his appeal against the four-day suspension he received after winning on Carniolan at Ascot last Friday, and the panel also ordered that the jockey forfeit his pounds 500 deposit.
Some of my Carniolan queens started laying eggs in mid-January.
WALTER SWINBURN has quietly moved into top gear this month and a 32-1 double with Carniolan and Shifting Star, both ridden by Adam Kirby, made it six winners from his last 17 runners.
Ryan Moore settled the half-brother to the smart Home Affairs at the rear of the field in the early stages before bringing his mount with a well-timed run to win relatively cosily by a neck from the more experienced Carniolan.
Carniolan (c Royal Applause - Dancing Feather) has a few entries towards the end of the month and is doing well, thriving on his work.