Carnuntum


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Carnuntum

 

an ancient Celtic habitation site on the right bank of the Danube, near Hainburg, Austria. Under the emperor Augustus, Carnuntum was used as a camp during the war with Maroboduus (a.d. 6). Later, it acquired the significance of an important fortification on the Danube frontier of the Roman Empire. In 73 it was enclosed with a stone wall and became an outpost for Roman legions. During the Roman wars with the frontier tribes, Carnuntum was destroyed and then reconstructed several times (the last time in 375); it was razed once and for all circa 400. The site was excavated in the 1920’s and 1930’s. Two amphitheaters, a praetorium, a forum, thermae, a mithraeum, and other buildings were discovered.

REFERENCES

Swoboda, E. Carnuntum, 2nd ed. Vienna, 1953.
Schober, A. Römerzeit in Österreich [2nd ed.]. Vienna, 1955.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Internationalen Limeskongrejles 1986 in Carnuntum, 67-70.
The Carnuntum ruins are part of a city of 50,000 people 28 miles (45 kilometers) east of Vienna that flourished about 1,700 years ago, a major military and trade outpost linking the far-flung Roman empire's Asian boundaries to its central and northern European lands.
Finally, Mattern invites us to think anew about the basic function of the long-standing Roman legionary encampments at Mainz, Carnuntum, Budapest, and elsewhere.
Keeping one desperate step ahead of satiation" can have had no relevance for the Suburan innkeeper, the Puteolan banker, the Athenian archon seated in the front row of the Theatre of Dionysus, the soldier stationed at Carnuntum, and for most other fans of gladiatorial games.
Birley, 'Promotions and transfers in the Roman Army II: the centurionate', Carnuntum Jahrbuch (1963/4) 21-33 = E.
the Danube via Service Center Upper Danube Valley Wachau and Carnuntum.
Herrsching: Sondernausstellung des Archaologischen Parks Carnuntum.
If they were not actually underground, they were made to look as though they were - artificial crags around the entrance were sometimes added to give the sanctuary the appearance of a cave, as at one temple at Carnuntum on the Danube frontier (CIMRM 1664).
area via the danube service center upper danube valley wachau and carnuntum,
Energiepark Bruck/Leitha will be constructing and operating the projects in the municipalities of Bad Deutsch-Altenburg, Petronell Carnuntum, Hoflein, Rohrau, Bruck an der Leitha and Seibersdorf.