Caroline Affair

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Caroline Affair.

In 1837 a group of men led by William Lyon MackenzieMackenzie, William Lyon,
1795–1861, Canadian journalist and insurgent leader, b. Scotland; grandfather of William Lyon Mackenzie King. Emigrating to Upper Canada in 1820, he published (1824–34), first at Queenston, then at York (later Toronto), his noted
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 rebelled in Upper Canada (now Ontario), demanding a more democratic government. There was much sympathy for their cause in the United States, and a small steamer, the Caroline, owned by U.S. citizens, carried men and supplies from the U.S. side of the Niagara river to the Canadian rebels on Navy Island just above Niagara Falls. On the night of Dec. 29, 1837, a small group of British and Canadians loyal to the Upper Canadian government crossed the river to the U.S. side where the Caroline was moored, loosed her, set fire to her, and sent her over the falls. One American was killed in the incident. Americans on the border were aroused to intense anti-British feeling, and soldiers under Gen. Winfield ScottScott, Winfield,
1786–1866, American general, b. near Petersburg, Va. Military Career

He briefly attended the College of William and Mary, studied law at Petersburg, and joined the military.
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 were rushed to the scene to prevent violent American action. The affair passed over, though it had an aftermath, when one of the men who had taken part in the attack boasted of that fact when he was in the United States and was arrested as a criminal. That matter, too, was smoothed over, but the Caroline Affair and the Aroostook War helped to make relations with Great Britain very tense in the years before the Webster-Ashburton Treaty.
References in periodicals archive ?
The attorneys then quoted American case law stemming from the Caroline affair.
They include the Hanoverian 1809 Jubilee, controversies over Belfast's Academical Institution, Napoleon Bonaparte, the 1813 Belfast Orange riot and the 1820 Queen Caroline affair, issues which were exploited by the "natural leaders" to platform their reformist political views.
The author examines this radical heritage by first looking at Peterloo and the Queen Caroline affair and then at the writings not just of Dickens but of Jerrold, Hone and various Chartist writers.
Turning to public controversy, Mulvihill provides a lengthy examination of the parliamentary and public discourse surrounding the Caroline Affair of 1820-21, in which George IV, hoping to divorce his estranged wife Caroline, pressured parliament to bring a "Bill of Pains and Penalties" against her, resulting in a trial of sorts in the House of Lords (103).
The book is a group of essays which consider the topics of popular Jacobitism, the politics of war and dearth in 1756-57, the trial of Admiral Keppel, the Gordon Riots, the carnivalesque and the French Revolution, gender and public space, and crowd activities during the Queen Caroline affair of 1820.
The book has an excellent chapter on the Queen Caroline affair, and it is sympathetic to the Owenite criticism of the patriarchal marriage.
How Shelley imitates Aristophanes and how this imitation seeks to influence its readers' views on the Caroline Affair are the subjects of the present essay.
Any account of the political function of Shelley's Aristophanic comedy must begin by correcting the view of the Caroline Affair and Shelley's attitude towards it that has prevailed in Shelley studies from at least the time of Carlos Baker to the present day.
The answer to the view that the Caroline Affair was politically insignificant and that Shelley's interest in it was at best lukewarm lies not in shifting attention to some argument against Malthus but in reassessing the nature of the Affair itself.
The Caroline Affair (1837-1842) began when, on the U.
In "Public Opinion, Violence and the Limits of Constitutional Politics," Dror Wahrman incisively probes changing conceptions of "public opinion," giving particular emphasis to its apotheosis as supreme constitutional and political arbiter at the time of the Queen Caroline affair.
There are extended discussions of the creative ways in which Hone redeploys the literature and iconography of blasphemy trials, how Hone and Cruikshank shape their response to the Queen Caroline affair, and, finally, how they exploit the political opportunities afforded by children's literature in The Political House that Jack Built.

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