Carolus Clusius

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Clusius, Carolus


(Charles de Lécluse). Born Feb. 19, 1526, in Arras; died Apr. 4, 1609, in Leiden. French naturalist and physician. Clusius studied in Switzerland, Germany, and France. Later he directed the botanical gardens in Vienna; he became a professor at the University of Leiden in 1593. Clusius gave the first descriptions of many plants and animals of Europe, Asia, Africa, and North and South America. He defined several plant families for the first time. Clusius helped introduce cultivation of the potato to Europe.


Hunger, F. W. T. Charles de l’Escluse, vols. 1–2. The Hague, 1927–43.
References in periodicals archive ?
Estimant les botanistes italiens etre les plus connus et les mieux etudies et les botanistes iberiques les plus meconnus et les moins bien etudies (et, implicitement, les moins fiables), l'auteur decide d'exclure ces extremes de son champ d'investigation pour se concentrer sur la production des savants d'Europe du Nord, a savoir les naturalistes allemands, suisses et flamands tels que Hieronymus Bock, Leonart Fuchs, Conrad Gessner, Otto Brunfels, Carolus Clusius ou Caspar Bauhin.
There is also no doubt that the interest of the great Flemish naturalist Charles L'Ecluse (1526-1609) or Carolus Clusius, as he was better known, was a primary factor contributing to Monardes's fame.
Originally, the country did not produce many flowers, but in 1592 the botanist Carolus Clusius brought home some tulip bulbs he got from the Austrian ambassador to Turkey, who had received them from the Turkish sultan.
The tulip trade, Goldgar shows, was something that grew organically out of the networks of earlier liefhebbers (connoisseurs) of exotic plants, such as the famous botanist Carolus Clusius, who had exchanged rare specimens with each other.
Carolus Clusius, in the Dutch Republic, described exotic animals on the basis of reports and specimens brought to him: though recognizing the limits of this approach, he still thought it added something to natural history.
After Bacon, however, natural history--with its growing emphasis on taxonomy and classification--bore little resemblance to the vibrant discipline that took shape under the direction of men like Conrad Gessner, Carolus Clusius, Ole Worm, and Leonhart Fuchs.
Other essays provide charming personal details of Lipsius' life, for example, Jeanine De Landtsheer's essay on Lipsius' "flourishing friendship" with his fellow-gardener, Carolus Clusius, which begins, "'When one associates the names of Justus Lipsius and Carolus Clusius, the very first thought is about bulbs and plants" (273).