Carolus-Duran


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Carolus-Duran

(kärôlüs`-düräN`), 1837–1917, French painter whose original name was Charles Auguste Émile Durand. He was influenced by Courbet and studied in Lille and Paris. In 1861 he won a pension and traveled in Italy and Spain. Best known as the teacher of many famous painters (including Sargent), he became the director of the Académie de France à Rome in 1905. The Louvre has many of his portraits. His study of Mrs. William Astor is in the Metropolitan Museum.
References in classic literature ?
At that time impressionism reigned in the Latin Quarter, but its victory over the older schools was still recent; and Carolus-Duran, Bouguereau, and their like were set up against Manet, Monet, and Degas.
The first two rooms, both small, are tightly focused, dedicated in turn to early large-scale commissions in France and small-scale studies of friends and fellow pupils from the studio of Carolus-Duran, whose celebrated portrait by Sargent is on show.
Impressionist works may have dominated the show in number and impact, but paintings included in the exhibition by other more conservative and commercially successful artists such as Carolus-Duran, Stevens, and Tissot are even more narrowly concerned with fashion.
Included are Monet's The Church at Varangeville (1882), Poussin's Tancred and Erminia (c 1634), Tuscan's Crucifixion (late C13th), Manet's Portrait of Carolus-Duran (1876) and JMW Turner's The Sun Rising Through Vapour (c 1809).
Born in Florence in 1856 of well-to-do American expatriates, he lived and painted the Life Styles of the Rich and Famous, preparing his career in Paris as a student of the high-society portraitist Carolus-Duran, while skimming the most seductive surfaces off Monet's Impressionism.
Unschooled but fluent in German, French and Italian, he had studied art in Paris under Carolus-Duran with his cousin, Ralph Curtis.
Sargent studied with Emile Auguste Carolus-Duran in Paris and absorbed on his own, through travel, the work of the Spanish painters Velazquez and Goya.