Gulf of Carpentaria

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Carpentaria, Gulf of

(kärpəntâr`ēə), arm of the Arafura Sea, 305 mi (491 km) wide and 370 mi (595 km) long, indenting the northern coast of Australia. On its eastern shore, near Weipa, lies a vast bauxite deposit. Willem Jansz explored the gulf in 1606.

Carpentaria, Gulf of

 

a bay of the Arafura Sea on the northern shore of Australia, between Cape York Peninsula and Arnhem Land. It cuts inland for 600 km. The maximum depth of the gulf is 69 m. The average monthly temperature of the water on the surface in the greater part of the gulf is 23°C to 25°C in winter and 29°C in summer. The gulfs salinity is 34.8 parts per thousand. The tides are irregular and semidiurnal; their heights reach 3.2 m. There are strong tidal currents near the shore.