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(rosefinches), a genus of birds of the family Fringillidae of the order Passeriformes. The birds are 22 cm long. The plumage of the male is pink and red; the female is brownish gray. There are about 20 species, distributed mainly in Central Asia. One species occurs in Europe, and three in North America. The USSR has five species: C. erythrinus, C. roseus, C. rubicilla, C. granáis, and C. rhodochlamys. The birds inhabit shrubbery thickets and the edges of forests, both in the plains and at high elevations in the mountains. C. erythrinus migrates long distances during the winter, whereas the other four species migrate short distances or descend into the foothills. A clutch contains three to six eggs, which are incubated for 13 or 14 days. The diet consists of seeds, berries, and, sometimes, insects.