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biennial Old World plant (Carum carvi) of the family Umbelliferae (parsleyparsley,
Mediterranean aromatic herb (Petroselinum crispum or Apium petroselinum) of the carrot family, cultivated since the days of the Romans for its foliage, used in cookery as a seasoning and garnish.
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 family), cultivated in Europe and North America for its aromatic seeds. They are small and ovate, with a pleasant spicy flavor, and are used as a condiment; as seasoning of pastry and bread doughs, cabbage, sausage, and some kinds of cheese; and as flavoring for certain liqueurs (as kümmel). The volatile oil expressed from the seeds is a stimulant and a carminative. Caraway is classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Umbellales, family Umbelliferae.



(Trachyspermum copticum, Carum ajowan), an aromatic Indian plant. It is an annual of the Ajowan genus, of the Umbelliferae family. The stem is cylindrical, with longitudinal grooves and many branches and reaches a height of 70–120 cm. The root is thin and fusiform and goes down as far as 1 m below the ground. The leaves are alternate and pin-nately cleft two or three times; the lower leaves are stalky. The blossoms are small and monoecious with a white or violet corolla forming an intricate umbel. The fruit is dicotylous. The caraway grows well in hot and clear weather and on soil of moderate humidity. It grows wild in the Mediterranean region, Asia Minor, India, and Middle and East Asia. It is grown for essential oil in many countries, including India, Afghanistan, Iran, Turkey, the People’s Republic of China, Argentina, and North Africa. In the USSR it is grown in the Chuia Valley (Kirghizia); some biotypes grow in the central zone of the European USSR. The fruit contains 2.5–10 percent essential oil (with 35–40 percent thymol), 20–32 percent oil, and 15–17 percent albumin. The thymol is used in medicine, in perfume and cosmetic products, for paint and lacquer, and in the food and other industries. The de-thymolized essential oil (thymine) is used in making soap. The waste of the fruit processing makes good animal fodder. The seeds grow at a temperature of 8°C. Shoots appear 12–20 days after planting, depending on the temperature and humidity of the soil. The vegetation period is 120–156 days. The caraway is sown in early spring; in Kirghizia it can also be sown by the early winter, but the plantings need irrigation. The caraway is harvested with the two-stage method—the mowing process separated from the threshing—when the fruit in the umbels of the first-grown plants becomes brown among 60–70 percent of the plants. With good agrotechnology the harvest yield is 8–12 metric centners (800–1,200 kg) per ha.



Carum carvi. A white-flowered perennial herb of the family Umbelliferae; the fruit is used as a spice and flavoring agent.


1. an umbelliferous Eurasian plant, Carum carvi, having finely divided leaves and clusters of small whitish flowers.
2. caraway seed the pungent aromatic one-seeded fruit of this plant, used in cooking and in medicine
References in periodicals archive ?
The bride's "cake" was truly the epitome of Southern tradition, as her table featured not only a traditional cake, baked by Tammy Carraway, aunt of the groom, but also an array of the bride's favorites from family gatherings and church socials.
As a featured designer, Carraway and Victoria Marie Fashion have been recognized as a line to watch out for in the fashion industry.
Carraway has spent most of the season with the Triple-A Tacoma Rainiers, where he accumulated a 6-3 record before a back injury put him on the disabled list.
Luhrman has taken the context of the book and used the descriptions very well and most of the dialogue, the story is told through the writings of Nick Carraway and his narrative is throughout the film, even to the point of his typewriter appearing to type letters in the clouds and on the screen in other places, it's all very dreamy.
We're taken back in time to one of Jay Gatsby's (DiCaprio) parties, where Carraway becomes fascinated by the extreme wealth on show.
Tobey Maguire plays fresh-faced bond trader Nick Carraway who, renting a cottage in 1920s Long Island, finds himself neighbours with the enigmatic squillionaire Jay Gatsby (Leonardo DiCaprio).
Elizabeth Debicki as Jordan Baker and Tobey Maguire as Nick Carraway, top, and DiCaprio with love interest Carey Mulligan
Directed by British filmmaker Jack Clayton (Room at the Top), the most recent 1974 version starred Robert Redford and Mia Farrow as the title characters Jay Gatsby and Daisy Buchanan, with Laura Dern's father Bruce Dern as Tom Buchanan and Sam Waterston as Nick Carraway.
Set in New York's rich Long Island in 1922, Nick Carraway (Tobey Maguire) rents a house for the summer next to a mansion owned by a mysterious millionnaire, Jay Gatsby (Leonardo DiCaprio), who is known for his lavish parties.
The story's narrator, Nick Carraway (played in the movie by Tobey Maguire), is fascinated by Jay Gatsby from the moment they meet at one of Gatsby's sumptuous parties, where Carraway mistakes his host, a man in his early thirties, for another guest:
As events unfold through the eyes of Gatsby's neighbor and Daisy's cousin, Nick Carraway, we learn that Gatsby and Daisy had a torrid, tortured love affair that ended years before with Daisy marrying the oafish Tom Buchanan.
The Great Gatsby" follows would-be writer Nick Carraway as he leaves the Midwest and comes to New York City in the spring of 1922, an era of ever loosening morals, glittering jazz, bootleg kings, and fast-rising stocks.