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biennial Old World plant (Carum carvi) of the family Umbelliferae (parsleyparsley,
Mediterranean aromatic herb (Petroselinum crispum or Apium petroselinum) of the carrot family, cultivated since the days of the Romans for its foliage, used in cookery as a seasoning and garnish.
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 family), cultivated in Europe and North America for its aromatic seeds. They are small and ovate, with a pleasant spicy flavor, and are used as a condiment; as seasoning of pastry and bread doughs, cabbage, sausage, and some kinds of cheese; and as flavoring for certain liqueurs (as kümmel). The volatile oil expressed from the seeds is a stimulant and a carminative. Caraway is classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Umbellales, family Umbelliferae.



(Trachyspermum copticum, Carum ajowan), an aromatic Indian plant. It is an annual of the Ajowan genus, of the Umbelliferae family. The stem is cylindrical, with longitudinal grooves and many branches and reaches a height of 70–120 cm. The root is thin and fusiform and goes down as far as 1 m below the ground. The leaves are alternate and pin-nately cleft two or three times; the lower leaves are stalky. The blossoms are small and monoecious with a white or violet corolla forming an intricate umbel. The fruit is dicotylous. The caraway grows well in hot and clear weather and on soil of moderate humidity. It grows wild in the Mediterranean region, Asia Minor, India, and Middle and East Asia. It is grown for essential oil in many countries, including India, Afghanistan, Iran, Turkey, the People’s Republic of China, Argentina, and North Africa. In the USSR it is grown in the Chuia Valley (Kirghizia); some biotypes grow in the central zone of the European USSR. The fruit contains 2.5–10 percent essential oil (with 35–40 percent thymol), 20–32 percent oil, and 15–17 percent albumin. The thymol is used in medicine, in perfume and cosmetic products, for paint and lacquer, and in the food and other industries. The de-thymolized essential oil (thymine) is used in making soap. The waste of the fruit processing makes good animal fodder. The seeds grow at a temperature of 8°C. Shoots appear 12–20 days after planting, depending on the temperature and humidity of the soil. The vegetation period is 120–156 days. The caraway is sown in early spring; in Kirghizia it can also be sown by the early winter, but the plantings need irrigation. The caraway is harvested with the two-stage method—the mowing process separated from the threshing—when the fruit in the umbels of the first-grown plants becomes brown among 60–70 percent of the plants. With good agrotechnology the harvest yield is 8–12 metric centners (800–1,200 kg) per ha.



Carum carvi. A white-flowered perennial herb of the family Umbelliferae; the fruit is used as a spice and flavoring agent.


1. an umbelliferous Eurasian plant, Carum carvi, having finely divided leaves and clusters of small whitish flowers.
2. caraway seed the pungent aromatic one-seeded fruit of this plant, used in cooking and in medicine
References in periodicals archive ?
Las medidas craneales de los ejemplares se encuentran dentro del rango que distinguen a Notiosorex crawfordi proporcionadas por Carraway y Timm (2000).
DiCaprio, left, and Tobey Maguire as Nick Carraway and Elizabeth Debicki as Jordan Baker, top
His funeral is attended only by an erstwhile hanger-on, Carraway, and Gatsby's father, "a solemn old man very helpless and dismayed.
As Nick and Gatsby drive into Manhattan, Carraway remarks, "The city seen from the Queensboro Bridge is always the city seen for the first time, in its first wild promise of ad the mystery and the beauty in the world.
Henry Laws, at Carraway Medical Center, since, unlike Dr.
Ivey sought treatment for his injury at the emergency room at Carraway Methodist Medical Center (CMMC).
Jay Gatsby Lorenzo Pisoni Nick Carraway Matthew Amendt Daisy Buchanan Heidi Armbruster Jordan Baker Cheyenne Casebier Tom Buchanan Erik Heger The Saxman Dean Brewington George Wilson Mark Rhein Myrtle Wilson Christina Baldwin Lucille McKee, Mrs.
In May of this year, their efforts paid off, and Chief Joe Polisar, Attorney General Ashcroft, Mel Carraway, and others unveiled the finished product.
Shirley Carraway, superintendent for the 6,500-student Orange County Public Schools in North Carolina, says her previous experience as a curriculum specialist helped her application.
It is possible, however, to relate litter size to maternal age because relative age can be determined from the degree of tooth attrition (Carraway and Verts, 1994; Carraway et al.
The narrative thread is concerned mainly with marital infidelity and violent revenge, but the power of the novel derives from its sharp portrayal of wealthy society in New York City and Long Island as seen through the eyes of the midwestern narrator, Nick Carraway.