Carrhae


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Carrhae

(kâr`ē), Roman name for the ancient Mesopotamian city of HaranHaran
or Harran
, ancient city of Mesopotamia, now in SE Asian Turkey, 24 mi (39 km) SE of Şanlıurfa. It was an important center on the trade route from Nineveh to Carchemish and the seat of the Assyrian moon god.
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. The name Carrhae is best known because of the battle of Carrhae in 53 B.C. M. Licinius Crassus (see CrassusCrassus
, ancient Roman family, of the plebeian Licinian gens. It produced men who achieved great note in the 2d cent. and 1st cent. B.C.

One of the well-known members was Lucius Licinius Crassus, d. 91 B.C., a noted orator and lawyer (much admired by Cicero).
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, family) was defeated by the Parthians, who by their archery routed the Roman force.

Carrhae

 

an ancient city in northwestern Mesopotamia (themodern city of Harran in Turkey), near which a battle occurredon May 9, 53 b.c., between the Roman forces of M. Crassus(more than 40, 000 men) and the Parthian troops of Sureñas. TheParthian superiority in cavalry resulted in the rout of the Romanadvance guard and the disorderly retreat of the Romans towardCarrhae. On May 10, Crassus was killed during negotiations andthe remnants of the demoralized Roman army (12, 000–14, 000)withdrew beyond the Euphrates River.

References in periodicals archive ?
Some military setbacks over the centuries --Teutoburg Forest, Arausio, and Carrhae, for example--may have been more costly in terms of lives lost, but none had so decimated Roman military leadership.
But this assurance did not last long, and in 54 BC the Roman general Crassus invaded Mesopotamia and heavy defeat was incurred at the Battle Carrhae.
Finally, in striving for a slightly more realistic representation of the Roman world, the game Rome: Total war attempts to bring the warfare of the Roman Empire vividly to life, allowing players not only to recreate specific historical battles like those at Carrhae and the Teutoburg Forest, but to play a 'campaign' mode as well that offers the chance to rule the entire Roman world.
His legions were defeated at the Battle of Carrhae in modern-day Turkey, where his son was beheaded.
his Milesiaka) is perhaps also of interest here: After the battle of Carrhae, a copy of Aristeides' Milesian Tales was found in the luggage of a defeated Roman, a fact which amused the victorious Parthian officer immensely, since he saw the naughty text as a proof for the weakness of the Romans and their just defeat.
In the Battle of Carrhae, or Harran, in 53 BCE, an army of 35,000 legionaries under Crassus was annihilated by 10,000 Parthian horse archers.
His death at the battle of Carrhae led to civil wars between Caesar and Pompey.
After the defeat of Crasus at Carrhae (54 BC), all Roman Republican leaders and Emperors (Traian, Hadrian, Septimius Severus, Caracalla, Macrinus, Severus Alexander) confronted with Great Parthian Kings as Chosroes I (107-130 AD), Vologese II (130-148 AD), Vologeses IV (191-208 AD), Vologese V (209-222 AD), Artaban V (222-226 AD) (6).
It may be understandable that the poet would pass over Iranian defeats, like Marathon and Salamis, but he equally passes over the Parthian victory at the Battle of Carrhae in 53 BCE, in which the legions of the Roman general Crassus were decimated, and the equally stunning Roman defeat in 260 CE when the Sasanid ruler Shapur I captured the emperor Valerian.
Sarmatians' war tactics and bravery in battles, such as the battles of Carrhae and Nisbis, contributed to the many Parthian and Sassanian victories over the Roman armies.
What followed--unlike the later disastrous retreats in the Western collective memory, such as Romans slaughtered after Crassus's disaster at Carrhae or Napoleon's apocalyptic flight from Czarist Russia--was a gallant nine-month trek over some 1,500 miles northward to the Black Sea, and then west along its shore to European Byzantium.
1), (3) but lost a decisive battle at Carrhae, in which both he and his son forfeited their lives.