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Carrhae(kâr`ē), Roman name for the ancient Mesopotamian city of HaranHaran
, ancient city of Mesopotamia, now in SE Asian Turkey, 24 mi (39 km) SE of Şanlıurfa. It was an important center on the trade route from Nineveh to Carchemish and the seat of the Assyrian moon god.
..... Click the link for more information. . The name Carrhae is best known because of the battle of Carrhae in 53 B.C. M. Licinius Crassus (see CrassusCrassus
, ancient Roman family, of the plebeian Licinian gens. It produced men who achieved great note in the 2d cent. and 1st cent. B.C.
One of the well-known members was Lucius Licinius Crassus, d. 91 B.C., a noted orator and lawyer (much admired by Cicero).
..... Click the link for more information. , family) was defeated by the Parthians, who by their archery routed the Roman force.
an ancient city in northwestern Mesopotamia (themodern city of Harran in Turkey), near which a battle occurredon May 9, 53 b.c., between the Roman forces of M. Crassus(more than 40, 000 men) and the Parthian troops of Sureñas. TheParthian superiority in cavalry resulted in the rout of the Romanadvance guard and the disorderly retreat of the Romans towardCarrhae. On May 10, Crassus was killed during negotiations andthe remnants of the demoralized Roman army (12, 000–14, 000)withdrew beyond the Euphrates River.