Carrhae

Carrhae

(kâr`ē), Roman name for the ancient Mesopotamian city of HaranHaran
or Harran
, ancient city of Mesopotamia, now in SE Asian Turkey, 24 mi (39 km) SE of Şanlıurfa. It was an important center on the trade route from Nineveh to Carchemish and the seat of the Assyrian moon god.
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. The name Carrhae is best known because of the battle of Carrhae in 53 B.C. M. Licinius Crassus (see CrassusCrassus
, ancient Roman family, of the plebeian Licinian gens. It produced men who achieved great note in the 2d cent. and 1st cent. B.C.

One of the well-known members was Lucius Licinius Crassus, d. 91 B.C., a noted orator and lawyer (much admired by Cicero).
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, family) was defeated by the Parthians, who by their archery routed the Roman force.

Carrhae

 

an ancient city in northwestern Mesopotamia (themodern city of Harran in Turkey), near which a battle occurredon May 9, 53 b.c., between the Roman forces of M. Crassus(more than 40, 000 men) and the Parthian troops of Sureñas. TheParthian superiority in cavalry resulted in the rout of the Romanadvance guard and the disorderly retreat of the Romans towardCarrhae. On May 10, Crassus was killed during negotiations andthe remnants of the demoralized Roman army (12, 000–14, 000)withdrew beyond the Euphrates River.

References in periodicals archive ?
Some military setbacks over the centuries --Teutoburg Forest, Arausio, and Carrhae, for example--may have been more costly in terms of lives lost, but none had so decimated Roman military leadership.
at Marcus Crassus prior to the calamitous battle of Carrhae.
But this assurance did not last long, and in 54 BC the Roman general Crassus invaded Mesopotamia and heavy defeat was incurred at the Battle Carrhae.
Camous, tum bu farkliliklari sirasiyla, Perslerin Yunanistan'i istilasi, Iskender'in Dogu seferi ve Romalilarin Partlar karsisinda almis olduklari Carrhae bozgununa deginerek anlatmaktadir.
These proceed chronologically, examining in turn: Sulla's treaty, the Mithradatic Wars, Carrhae, the Civil Wars, the Augustan period, the Julio-Claudians, Flavians, Trajan, Hadrian, the Antonines and the Severan period.
Cassius managed to lead as many as 10,000 men to safety, but the bulk of the Roman army was killed when the Parthians overran the camp at Carrhae and treacherously murdered Crassus during a parley.
Finally, in striving for a slightly more realistic representation of the Roman world, the game Rome: Total war attempts to bring the warfare of the Roman Empire vividly to life, allowing players not only to recreate specific historical battles like those at Carrhae and the Teutoburg Forest, but to play a 'campaign' mode as well that offers the chance to rule the entire Roman world.
His legions were defeated at the Battle of Carrhae in modern-day Turkey, where his son was beheaded.
his Milesiaka) is perhaps also of interest here: After the battle of Carrhae, a copy of Aristeides' Milesian Tales was found in the luggage of a defeated Roman, a fact which amused the victorious Parthian officer immensely, since he saw the naughty text as a proof for the weakness of the Romans and their just defeat.
In the Battle of Carrhae, or Harran, in 53 BCE, an army of 35,000 legionaries under Crassus was annihilated by 10,000 Parthian horse archers.
His death at the battle of Carrhae led to civil wars between Caesar and Pompey.
After the defeat of Crasus at Carrhae (54 BC), all Roman Republican leaders and Emperors (Traian, Hadrian, Septimius Severus, Caracalla, Macrinus, Severus Alexander) confronted with Great Parthian Kings as Chosroes I (107-130 AD), Vologese II (130-148 AD), Vologeses IV (191-208 AD), Vologese V (209-222 AD), Artaban V (222-226 AD) (6).