Carroll, John

Carroll, John,

1735–1815, American Roman Catholic churchman, b. Maryland. He studied as a child with Jesuits at Bohemia, Md., and later at Saint-Omer in Flanders, since Catholic secondary education was not allowed in Maryland. He joined the Jesuits in 1753, studied at Liège, and was ordained in 1769. After the suppression of the Jesuits he returned to America and traveled about, ministering to scattered Catholics. He maintained a private chapel, for Catholic churches were forbidden by law. He ardently supported the American Revolution and accompanied Benjamin Franklin (his close friend) on an unsuccessful mission to Quebec (1776) to persuade the Canadians to join the Revolutionary cause. Believing that American Roman Catholics should be free of supervision by the vicar apostolic of London, he led in petitioning Rome for the appointment of a priest in America with some episcopal powers. In 1784, Father Carroll was made superior of the missions in the United States. In the same year he published a controversial pamphlet, An Address to the Roman Catholics of the United States of America, to combat a paper impugning the loyalty of Catholics. In 1790 he was consecrated bishop of Baltimore. He welcomed the Sulpicians, who opened a seminary at Baltimore, and he founded Georgetown Univ.Georgetown University,
in the Georgetown section of Washington, D.C.; Jesuit; coeducational; founded 1789 by John Carroll, chartered 1815, inc. 1844. Its law and medical schools are noteworthy, and its archives are especially rich in letters and manuscripts by and about persons
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 Carroll fostered many communities and founded schools throughout his diocese. In 1808 he became archbishop, with suffragans at Boston, New York City, Philadelphia, and Bardstown, Ky. His last years were somewhat clouded by disputes with Catholic communities in Pennsylvania, Virginia, Georgia, South Carolina, and Maryland over his episcopal jurisdiction.

Bibliography

See biographies by J. G. Shea (1888), P. K. Guilday (1922), and A. M. Melville (1955).

Carroll, John

(1735–1815) bishop; born in Upper Marlboro, Md. Born to a family of prosperous Catholic Maryland planters, he studied in Europe, where he entered the Jesuit order (1753) and was ordained. In 1774, a year after the Jesuits' suppression, he returned to Maryland to do pastoral work as a secular priest. A supporter of the patriot cause, he joined in an unsuccessful mission to obtain a promise of Canadian neutrality in the American Revolution (1776). Named head of the U.S. Catholic clergy (1784), Carroll was consecrated as the first American Catholic bishop (of Baltimore) in 1790; he was named an archbishop in 1808. As the church's leader during a crucial early period, he brought in European missionaries, cofounded a college that became Georgetown University (1789), started three seminaries, and labored to establish internal order and counter anti-Catholic discrimination, in part by stressing Catholic commitment to democratic ideals.
References in periodicals archive ?
Tomorrow brings another Quadrant Park Reunion, this time at The Warehouse, Greenland Street with sets from original Quad DJs Andy Carroll, John Kelly and Mike Knowler plus a live PA from ASHA performing one Liverpool''s biggest club anthems, JJ Tribute.
UNDER-21 side at the Drake's Huddersfield League in the White Rose Trophy final: Chris Allinson, Josh Carroll, John Pickard, Jo Wing (all Marske), Jonny Weighell, Josh Linton (both Stokesley), Tom Hodgson (Middlesbrough), Whalid Ghauri (Marton), Richard Borrowdale (Barnard Castle), James Dobson (Darlington), Callum Prosser (Hartlepool).
LAOIS: Patrick Carroll, John Delaney, Darren Maher, Brian Stapleton; Matthew Whelan (0-2), Conor Dunne, Cahir Healy (0-1); James Walsh, Michael McEvoy; Joe Fitzpatrick, Willie Hyland (0-3), Zane Keenan (1-4); Eoin Costell (0-1), Tommy Fitzgerald, Neil Foyle (0-1).
Ushers were Jason Christopher Carroll, John Harwood Emrich IV, Jarred Nicholas Seymour, and Justin Morgan Wiggers.
Patron executives Matt Carroll, John Palatella, Ed Brown and Adams' Mark Maroon sport broad grins as Brown holds plaque acknowledging Patron's outstanding sales gains.
Patron executives (from left) Matt Carroll, John Palatella and Ed Brown with Adams Beverage Group's Mark Marcon sport broad grins as Brown holds plaque acknowledging Patron's outstanding sales gains.
Patron executives Matt Carroll, John Palatella, Ed Brown and Adams' Mark Marcon sport broad grins as Brown holds plaque acknowledging Patron's outstanding sales gains.
Graham Brown, Jason Michael Carroll, John Conlee, 2007 "Nashville Star" winner Angela Hacker, Steve Holy, Hal Ketchum, Country Music Hall of Fame member Charlie Louvin, Rockie Lynne, Lorrie Morgan, Connie Smith and many more.
Like Carroll, John Egan is in red-hot form, and he landed the middle-distance maiden handicap on the Stan Moore-trained Mull Of Dubai.
Under the direction of Kenny Leon, performers Rocky Carroll, John Earl Jelks, Anthony Chisholm, James A.
John Carroll, John England, John Ireland--indeed all the early leaders in the effort to articulate the Catholic view of the new democratic republic--are overlooked.
The fact that the Vatican has failed to persuade anti-Catholic bigots such as Daniel Jonah Goldhagen and the editors of the New Republic and Catholic dissidents such as James Carroll, John Cornwell, and Garry Wills should hardly come as a surprise.