Cart Transport

Cart Transport

 

a form of railless transport in which draft animals (horses, oxen, buffalo, camels, asses, mules, deer, dogs, and the like) provide the power. The vehicle may be either a wheeled or sledge type. Pack transport differs from cart transport in that the vehicle and harness are absent and the load is fastened onto a pack frame or directly onto an animal’s back.

Before the appearance of the railroad in the first half of the 18th century, cart transport was the main type of land transport and was used for long-distance passenger and freight traffic. For passenger transport a network of post stations was created and allowed to charge fees for rested horses, crews, and coachmen. In regions with a heavy volume of traffic, the passengers were transferred to intercity mail coaches (omnibuses). Freight was generally carried by trains of horse carts. The broad development of motor-vehicle transport beginning in the second quarter of the 20th century and then the development of aviation caused a gradual phasing out of cart transport, although on the eve of World War II (1939–45) cart transport in many of the countries of Western Europe was close in traffic volume to motor transport and even surpassed it in Italy, Spain. Greece. Turkey, and other countries. In a number of colonial, semicolonial, and dependent nations of the capitalist world, particularly in nations of the Middle and Near East, Central Asia, and northern Africa, pack transport has continued to play an important role.

By the second half of the 20th century the volume of cart transport in all the countries of the world had decreased sharply; at present cart transport is used mostly in rural areas for short-distance passenger and cargo movement.

G. G. KHITENKOV

References in periodicals archive ?
The shallower tread design provides less rolling resistance for easier grain cart transport.
Facilities: Customized route planning of automated guided vehicles provides on-demand and scheduled bulk cart transport throughout the hospital.
Contract award: an equipment cart transport (gw-t).
Thursday at Oregon Heart & Vascular Institute at Sacred Heart Medical Center in RiverBend in Springfield; all past patients invited to attend celebration of 25 years of institute's cardiac rehabilitation program; event includes walk along the RiverBend Trail to McKenzie River (golf cart transport to river available); short program including remarks, reflections and blessing, with reception to follow in rehabilitation and wellness gym; free; RSVP by calling 541-242-5419 or visiting www.
Founded in 1908 as John Stokes & Sons, the company made items for horse and cart transport.
Contract notice: An equipment cart transport (gw-t, category m2 according to din en 1846).