Carthusians


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Related to Carthusians: Trappists, Cistercians

Carthusians

(kärtho͞o`zhənz), small order of monks of the Roman Catholic Church [Lat. abbr.,=O. Cart.]. It was established by St. BrunoBruno, Saint,
c.1030–1101, German monk, founder of the Carthusians, b. Cologne. He studied and taught at Reims. In 1084 he took six companions and founded a little monastery in the Alps, which became the mother house of the Carthusian order (see Chartreuse, Grande).
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 at La Grande Chartreuse (see Chartreuse, GrandeChartreuse, Grande
, mountainous massif, Isère dept., SE France, in the Dauphiné Alps; Chamechaude Peak (6,847 ft/2,087 m) is the highest point. There in a high valley St.
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) in France in 1084. The Carthusians are peculiar among orders of Western monasticism in cultivating a nearly eremitical life: each monk lives by himself with cell and garden and, except for communal worship, scarcely meets the others. No order is more austere. The Carthusian enclosure is called charterhouse in English, and its architecture differs necessarily from that of the Benedictine abbeyabbey,
monastic house, especially among Benedictines and Cistercians, consisting of not less than 12 monks or nuns ruled by an abbot or abbess. Many abbeys were originally self-supporting. In the Benedictine expansion after the 8th cent.
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. The CharterhouseCharterhouse
[Fr.,=Chartreuse], in London, England, once a Carthusian monastery (founded 1371), later a hospital for old men and then a school for boys, endowed in 1611. The school, which became a large public school, was removed (1872) to Godalming, Surrey. W. M.
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 of London was famous, and the Certosa di PaviaCertosa di Pavia
, former Carthusian abbey of Pavia. One of the most magnificent of all monastic structures, it has been maintained as a national monument since 1866. The church, forming its nucleus, was begun in the style of the Italian Gothic in 1396 by Gian Galeazzo Visconti,
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, Italy, is an architectural monument. The Carthusians are devoted mainly to contemplation. In 1973 they numbered 440 members throughout the world, of whom there were 10 in the United States, living at the Charterhouse of Arlington, Vt. They are unchanging in their rule, their independence, and their original way of life. There are a very few Carthusian nuns following a similar rule. Chartreusechartreuse
, liqueur made exclusively by Carthusians at their monastery, La Grande Chartreuse, France, until their expulsion in 1903. The French distillery and trademark were sold, and the order set up a new plant in Tarragona, Spain.
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 is the well-known liqueur manufactured by Carthusians in France.
References in periodicals archive ?
Unlike Cistercians, Carthusians are not within the Benedictine family.
This volume is an in-depth exploration of the Carthusian Miscellany (British Library MS Additional 37049), a fifteenth-century English manuscript of texts and drawings known to medieval scholars mainly through its facsimile produced by James Hogg in 1981.
In February 1999, I started to research An Infinity of Little Hours, a book about the life of Carthusian hermit monks.
With his imprisonment in the Tower on April 17, 1534, for his refusal to take the oath to the Act of Succession, More's life came full circle, from the confines of a cell with the Carthusians thirty years before to his cell in the Tower of London, each entered under different circumstances for the service of God.
The Carthusians were unique among monastic orders of the Middle Ages in that they gathered for communal liturgy only at Matins and Vespers.
The notes of April 22, A 1895, recorded the line-up for the final against Old Carthusians days earlier.
For more than 14 centuries Benedictines, Carthusians, Carmelites, Cistercians, Trappists, and Franciscans of varying sorts have sported hooded attire, wearing them to prayer and work-and none of them has ever been shot for provoking violence with this "threatening" garb.
It's the story of his owner, the equally improbably named Carthusians Cockcroft and his romantic entanglements with unsuitable young men.
Supply, delivery , installation and commissioning of dechloraminateurs (including staff training) to pools of Carthusians and Lucien Zins .
Dating back to 1385, the old Charterhouse priory was the historic home of the Carthusians - a silent order of monks.
The last essay takes us to a single Carthusian manuscript, the focus of Emily Richards's discussion of contemplative and active piety and how they interacted through a text created by Carthusians for use in a community which they remained distant from.
Since the Carthusians shun publicity, it is easy for them to be overlooked.