Carthusians


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Related to Carthusians: Trappists, Cistercians

Carthusians

(kärtho͞o`zhənz), small order of monks of the Roman Catholic Church [Lat. abbr.,=O. Cart.]. It was established by St. BrunoBruno, Saint,
c.1030–1101, German monk, founder of the Carthusians, b. Cologne. He studied and taught at Reims. In 1084 he took six companions and founded a little monastery in the Alps, which became the mother house of the Carthusian order (see Chartreuse, Grande).
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 at La Grande Chartreuse (see Chartreuse, GrandeChartreuse, Grande
, mountainous massif, Isère dept., SE France, in the Dauphiné Alps; Chamechaude Peak (6,847 ft/2,087 m) is the highest point. There in a high valley St.
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) in France in 1084. The Carthusians are peculiar among orders of Western monasticism in cultivating a nearly eremitical life: each monk lives by himself with cell and garden and, except for communal worship, scarcely meets the others. No order is more austere. The Carthusian enclosure is called charterhouse in English, and its architecture differs necessarily from that of the Benedictine abbeyabbey,
monastic house, especially among Benedictines and Cistercians, consisting of not less than 12 monks or nuns ruled by an abbot or abbess. Many abbeys were originally self-supporting. In the Benedictine expansion after the 8th cent.
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. The CharterhouseCharterhouse
[Fr.,=Chartreuse], in London, England, once a Carthusian monastery (founded 1371), later a hospital for old men and then a school for boys, endowed in 1611. The school, which became a large public school, was removed (1872) to Godalming, Surrey. W. M.
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 of London was famous, and the Certosa di PaviaCertosa di Pavia
, former Carthusian abbey of Pavia. One of the most magnificent of all monastic structures, it has been maintained as a national monument since 1866. The church, forming its nucleus, was begun in the style of the Italian Gothic in 1396 by Gian Galeazzo Visconti,
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, Italy, is an architectural monument. The Carthusians are devoted mainly to contemplation. In 1973 they numbered 440 members throughout the world, of whom there were 10 in the United States, living at the Charterhouse of Arlington, Vt. They are unchanging in their rule, their independence, and their original way of life. There are a very few Carthusian nuns following a similar rule. Chartreusechartreuse
, liqueur made exclusively by Carthusians at their monastery, La Grande Chartreuse, France, until their expulsion in 1903. The French distillery and trademark were sold, and the order set up a new plant in Tarragona, Spain.
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 is the well-known liqueur manufactured by Carthusians in France.
References in periodicals archive ?
Again, in my view, one of the most noteworthy is the Carthusians at La Grande Chartreuse via a DVD set of two discs titled "Into Great Silence.
This volume is an in-depth exploration of the Carthusian Miscellany (British Library MS Additional 37049), a fifteenth-century English manuscript of texts and drawings known to medieval scholars mainly through its facsimile produced by James Hogg in 1981.
In February 1999, I started to research An Infinity of Little Hours, a book about the life of Carthusian hermit monks.
With his imprisonment in the Tower on April 17, 1534, for his refusal to take the oath to the Act of Succession, More's life came full circle, from the confines of a cell with the Carthusians thirty years before to his cell in the Tower of London, each entered under different circumstances for the service of God.
Cre concludes that Carthusians were concerned with spiritual or contemplative texts as useful texts, rather than as "male" or "female" (as evidenced in the Amherst MS), and her essay expands our view of the Carthusians as mystical middlemen, preserving and passing on texts and teachings as they could be of most help to a variety of audiences.
The Carthusians led an ascetic life, wearing rough clothes and hair shirts, eating little and shunning meat altogether.
It also reinforces the evidence in the order's chartae that English Carthusians were occasionally involved with the spiritual direction or guidance of laymen.
Martin becomes less convincing in his manner of contrasting activist reformers, whether medieval scholastics or Renaissance humanists, with contemplative monastic reformers like Kempf and the Carthusians.
Technical installations The heating system is powered primarily by heat from the biomass facility owned SEM Energy (outside perimeter DSP) which allows a reduced VAT rate and in extra / emergency by the heat from the central boiler of the Carthusians.
They fell behind to A the defending cup-holders, an Old Carthusians side containing England internationals Gilbert Smith and Maurice Stanbrough.
Of all the religious orders, the Carthusians and the Birgittines have provided most material for manuscript and early print scholars over the past thirty-five years, triggered in the 1980s by James Hogg and Michael Sargent for the former and, arguably, Jan Rhodes for the latter.
8) The orders of women under direct investigation here, the Cistercians and Carthusians, distinguished by adherence to their oldest known rules and usages, were founded in the reformist wave of the eleventh century.