Cartwright, John

Cartwright, John,

1740–1824, English reformer and pamphleteer; brother of Edmund CartwrightCartwright, Edmund,
1743–1823, English inventor and clergyman. He was the inventor of an imperfect power loom that, when finally patented (1785), became the parent of the modern loom. It was the first machine to make practical the weaving of wide cotton cloth.
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. He had an early career in the navy. He declined to fight the American colonists and wrote American Independence: the Interest and Glory of Great Britain (1774). A major in the Nottinghamshire militia (1775–92), he was deprived of his commission in the hysteria at the time of the French Revolutionary Wars. He came to be called the "father of reform" for his advocacy of universal manhood suffrage, parliamentary and army reform, and abolition of slavery.

Bibliography

See F. D. Cartwright, ed., The Life and Correspondence of Major Cartwright (2 vol., 1826; repr. 1969); biography by J. W. Osborne (1972).

References in periodicals archive ?
Pauline Cartwright, John Rider and Anne Cummings of New Marske in Bloom with their planters, which were damaged 301014PLANTS_03 MICHELLE MADDISON
Queen, o Division II, won 3-0 at Clifton with goals from Craig Cartwright, John Brennan and Ryan John.
Dave Longdon, Eric Heath, Graham Spencer and George Palmer lost 26-19, Alex Bray, Jack Hands, Roy Smith and captain-for-the-day Gareth Willcock lost 25-15, Jim Gardner, Peter Hyde, Bill Black and Dennis Lee lost 23-17 and Don Cartwright, John Humphreys, Graham F Taylor and Ken Padimore lost 23-7.