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Related to Carum: Carum carvi



(caraway), a genus of biennial and perennial herbaceous plants of the family Umbelliferae. The leaves are twice or thrice pinnatisect. The inflorescences are umbels lacking involucres; the flowers are white or pink. The fruit is two-seeded, oval or elongate, and strongly ribbed; upon ripening it splits to form two achenes.

There are about 30 species of caraway, distributed in Europe and Asia. Ten species occur in the USSR. The most commonly cultivated species is C. carvi, a biennial valued for its essential oil. (C. carvi has some annual varieties.) In the first year a fleshy root with a rosette of radical leaves forms. In the second year a smooth, branching stem develops from the root. The stem is 30–80 cm tall and terminates, as do the numerous shoots, in a compound umbel. The fruits contain 3–7 percent essential oils and 18–20 percent fatty industrial oils. The essential oils carvone and limonene obtained from the plant are used in the production of perfume and medicine. The fruits are used as a seasoning in the production of bread, cakes, candies, alcoholic beverages, and various canned goods. The by-products from processing the fruits are used as animal feed. The plants yield a substantial amount of nectar.

The cultivation of caraway was introduced into Europe in the early 19th century. In the 20th century it has been grown in many countries having a temperate climate in Europe, Asia, the Americas, and North Africa. In prerevolutionary Russia it was grown in gardens; fruits for processing were obtained mainly from plants growing wild in Tula and Orel provinces. The first attempts to grow caraway as a field crop in the USSR date to 1929 at the Rostovo-Nakhichevan Experiment Station. As of 1975, plantings of caraway (Khmel’ nitskii variety) were concentrated in Khmel’nitskii Oblast; the crop occupies small areas. Yields reach 15 quintals per hectare. The plant is grown as an intertilled crop.


Efiromaslichnye kul’tury. Edited by A. A. Khotin and G. T. Shul’gin. Moscow, 1963.


References in periodicals archive ?
are shown in polar and equatorial views (Figs 1, 2, and 6, respectively); all Tilia cordata, Phacelija tanacetifolia, and Frangula alnus pollen in polar view (Figs 3, 5, and 6, respectively); and pollen of Carum carvi in equatorial view (Fig.
Captain Faisal Al Qahtani, senior vice-president and managing director, DP World, Middle East Region, said: "We congratulate Pacific International Lines and their new vessel, Kota Carum, on her maiden visit to Aden and the Red Sea area, the busiest sea trade transit route in the world today.
Back, from left) Min Bassi (manager), Daniel Dhansay, Jordan Broome, Sukhi Nijjar, Oliver Ketch, Nathan Briggs, Marcus Burchall, Corey Mee, Remi Bennetts (assistant manager); (front) Tiler Worrall, Owen St John, Tiler Hemingway, Brandon Bassi, Matthy Griffin and Carum Samra.
Carum carvi Linn, commonly known as caraway (Umbelliferae) is a globally distributed spice with a history as a medicinal plant since ancient times (Hartmans 1995).
When Carum Samra netted a second for the visitors three minutes later, Sphinx heads dropped a little and they soon found themselves trailing 3-1 after a storming run from Abdul Aziz ended with the midfielder chipping the ball over keeper Wilcock.
Carum carviin health, Beauty pharmaceutical, and Food industry is used in abundance.
IMG_2291' WINNING STRIKE: Luke Scale scores the penalty that gave Kenilworth the Under-nine their thrilling cup final victory over Caludon Youth IMG_2263' GNP SPORTS: Manager Min Bassi' (Back row, from left), Lewis Bednell, Costos Troulies, Carum Samra, Daniel Dhansay.
Five minutes later it looked as though not even second-placed Caludon would be a match for table-toppers GNP as Carum Samra's deflected shot beat Dominic Finch to give the hosts a two-goal cushion.
Back from left) Mohinder, Suki and Harven Nijjar, Min and Carum Kooner, and (front from left) Kiren Kooner and Taran and Rea Nijjar give the festival the thumbs up.
0 ml/l of alcoholic extracts of Melissa officinalis, Rosmarinus officinalis, Mentha piperita, Matricaria chamomilla, Foeniculum vulgare, Carum carvi and Citrus aurantium prepared from 1 part of the plant and 3.
On the base of pharmacological studies (19992009) for the standardization and quality control of herbal medicinal plants, we have developed recommendations concerning historical and traditional priority--technology of production of ecologically sound standards of raw materials and products of medicinal, aromatic, spicery and poisonous plants of our country : Foeniculum vulgate L--essential oils-3-5%, flvonoids -0,5%; Valeriana officinalis L--exstracted solids 27,8%, essential oils- 2%, isovaleric acid 0,91; Melissa officinalis L--essential oils 0,33%, vitamins C 150 mg%, carotene 7mg%; Carum carvi L--essential oils--7,2%; Thymus vulgaris L--essential oils 2,2%, Salvia officinalis L2,5%; Hyoscyamus niger L--alkaloids -0,5%;