Caryophyllaceae


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Related to Caryophyllaceae: Ranunculaceae, Caryophyllene

Caryophyllaceae

[¦kar·ē·ō·fə′lās·ē‚ē]
(botany)
A family of dicotyledonous plants in the order Caryophyllales differing from the other families in lacking betalains.

Caryophyllaceae

 

a family of dicotyledonous plants consisting of herbs, more rarely semishrubs, and very rarely shrubs. Plants of the Caryophyllaceae family almost always have opposite, mostly sessile, entire, and usually narrow leaves. The blossoms are regular, generally bisexual, five-membered, and predominantly in dichasia. The ovary is superior; the fruit is a boll, or more rarely nutlike or berrylike. There are approximately 80 genera and 2,100 species, chiefly in the temperate zones of the northern hemisphere. In the USSR there are more than 40 genera and 675 species. The most widespread are Silene, Gypsophila, and Cerastium. Dianthuses, catchfly, Lychnis, and Saponaria are ornamentals. Some Caryophyllaceae are weeds—for example, corn cockle (poisonous), chickweed, spurry, and Spergularia. The subterranean organs of spiny-leaved plants, Saponaria, Gypsophila, and less often other Caryophyllaceae, which contain saponin, are used under the name “soaproot” in the manufacture of halvah and lemonade and for washing woolen and silk textiles. Some Caryophyllaceae are used in perfumery and medicine.

REFERENCE

Takhtadzhian, A. L. Sistema i filogeniia tsvetkovykh rastenii. Moscow, 1966. Pages 159-61.

M. E. KIRPICHNIKOV

References in periodicals archive ?
Also Apiaceae, Rosaceae, Compositae, Rumex, Filipendula, Chenopodiaceae, Caryophyllaceae, Plantago, Cyperaceae, Trifolium, and Galium pollen is found.
In several clades contort petal aestivation occurs, such as in some Lychnideae of Caryophyllaceae (Schoute, 1935), some Droseraceae (Eichler, 1878), Plumbaginaceae (Schoute, 1935), and Tamaricaceae (Eichler, 1878; Correll & Correll, 1982).
Lamiaceae (16 species), Fabaceae (15 species), Liliaceae (16 species), Rosaceae (14 species), Apiaceae (13 species), Brassicaceae (12 species), Ranunculaceae (10 species), Scrophulariaceae (9 species), Caryophyllaceae (8 species).
Relationships within Caryophyllaceae inferred from molecular sequence data.
Caryophyllaceae Clark, Maxwell & Thomas 3197 Houstonia pusilla Rubiaceae Clark, W.
37, 132], Caryophyllaceae [141], Fabaceae [175, 179, 212, 216],
Annonaceae [111], Cactaceae [125], Caryophyllaceae [5],
Asteraceae [37], Caryophyllaceae [54], Magnoliaceae [11],
Caprifoliaceae [102], Caricaceae [141], Caryophyllaceae [54,
Caryophyllaceae [5, 66, 112, 141], Chloranthaceae [251],
Caryophyllaceae [141], Chloranthaceae [251], Cucurbitaceae