Casablanca


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.

Casablanca

(kă'səblăng`kə, kă'zə–, Span. kä'säbläng`kä), Arab. Dar-al-Baida, city (1994 est. pop. 2,940,623), W Morocco, on the Atlantic Ocean. The largest city and principal port of Morocco, it accounts for more than half of Morocco's industrial production. The city's leading industries produce textiles, glass, electronics, bricks, beer, and soft drinks. Fish and seafood are abundant in the coastal waters. Major imports include petroleum products. Casablanca is the seat of numerous Arab and French schools, an art school, the Goethe-Institut, and the Hassan II mosque (1993), one of the world's largest.

Casablanca is on the site of Anfa, a prosperous town that the Portuguese destroyed in 1468; they resettled it briefly in 1515 under its present name. Almost destroyed by an earthquake in 1755, Casablanca was rebuilt (1757) by Muhammad XVI. It was occupied by the French in 1907. During World War II, Casablanca was the scene of one of the three major Allied landings in North Africa (Nov., 1942) and of a conference between Franklin Delano Roosevelt and Winston Churchill (Nov., 1943).

Casablanca

 

(Arabic, Dar-el-Beida), a city and port on the western coast of Morocco, a city prefecture. Population, 1.4 million (1970).

Casablanca is one of the largest cities and ports of Africa; in 1970 it had a freight turnover of 12 million tons, three-fourths of which was phosphorite exports. The city is a major highway and railroad junction and has an international airport. Casablanca is the chief economic center of Morocco; of all Moroccans employed in the manufacturing industry, 55 percent work in Casablanca in such industries as metalworking (including motor-vehicle assembly), the food industry (fish packing, flour milling, and sugar refining), and the textile, chemical, cement, and printing industries. The major national and international financial and trade institutions of Morocco are located in Casablanca, and an international fair is held there every year.

The date of the founding of Casablanca has not been precisely established. According to some data, the city of Anfa arose on the site of present-day Casablanca in the seventh century. In 1468, Anfa was captured by the Portuguese and destroyed. In the second half of the 18th century the city was rebuilt under the Moroccan sultan Sidi Muhammad ibn Abd Allah (reigned 1757–90) and named Dar-el-Beida (Arabic, white house; in Spanish, Casablanca). In 1907, Casablanca was occupied by France and remained part of the French zone of the protectorate until the proclamation of the independence of Morocco on Mar. 2, 1956. Since the 1930’s the city has been rapidly growing, its population increasing from 20, 000–25, 000 in the early 1920’s to 160, 000 in 1931 and to 682, 000 in 1952; this growth was due to the leading role of the port in the export of raw minerals. From the 1930’s through the 1950’s, Casablanca was a major center for the formation of the Moroccan working class and the core of the national liberation movement.

The modern city has grown in a semicircle around the old city, the medina, which dates from the 16th century. The central part of Casablanca has multistory residential and office buildings (the Liberté Building, 78 m high, 1950, architect L. Morandi). The architectural monuments include the magnificent five-nave Cathedral of the Sacre Coeur (reinforced concrete, 1930–52, architect P. Tournon) with stained glass. The suburban areas have one-story traditional homes with inner enclosed courtyards bordered by galleries; there are also markets and mosques.

Casablanca

a port in NW Morocco, on the Atlantic: largest city in the country; industrial centre. Pop.: 3 523 000 (2003)
References in periodicals archive ?
The Vegetable Chilli has only 2% fat and the Vegetable Casablanca is typically just 1% fat.
After the five Casablanca bombings on Western and Jewish targets that killed 44, investigators raided Islamic militant strongholds across Morocco.
In recent years, and like other great international cities, the structure of the economy in the region of the Great Casablanca has been changing rapidly.
On May 18, 1998, in response to the alleged misconduct by employees of several foreign banking organizations whose activities were identified during Operation Casablanca, the Federal Reserve Board issued temporary orders to cease and desist.
It reinforces the 2015-2020 Great Casablanca Region Development Plan, launched on September 26 by the Sovereign, with the prime goal of improving living conditions of the Casablanca population with a special attention to vulnerable social categories and people with special needs in complementarity with INDH programmes.
On Saturday, November 1, Night at the Casablanca will see the Casablanca Club brought back to life through a series of stories and live music celebrating the life of the iconic music venue and the rich musical heritage of the remarkable local community.
In the letter, Casablanca says the Cliffs' Board has 'become a refuge for failed CEOs' with a track record of value destruction and urges fellow shareholders to vote the GOLD proxy card for Casablanca's six highly-qualified and independent director nominees in support of change to create value.
Led by Mohammed Al-Hammadi, Chairman of the Saudi delegation and Chairman of the Agriculture and Food Security Committee at Riyadh Chamber of Commerce and Industry, the delegation visited Sinbad Project and Casablanca Marina Project and was briefed on their contents.
Casablanca Finance City will bring together businesses operating across Greater North West Africa under the umbrella of a trusted label, and will help investors to navigate barriers and facilitate ease of doing business.
The new line will cut the journey time between Casablanca and Tangier from nearly five hours and 45 minutes to just more than two hours.
Our Casablanca operation has exceeded our expectations over the past five years, and we are pleased to be able to build on this success with an additional service," said James Hogan, Etihad Airways' chief executive officer.
There will be three weekly flights from Casablanca, on Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday.