cashew

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cashew

(kăsh`o͞o, kəsho͞o`), tropical American tree (Anacardium occidentale) of the family Anacardiaceae (sumacsumac
or sumach
, common name for some members of the Anacardiaceae, a family of trees and shrubs native chiefly to the tropics but ranging into north temperate regions and characterized by resinous, often acrid, sap.
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 family), valued chiefly for the cashew nut of commerce. The tree's acrid sap is used in making a varnish that protects woodwork and books from insects. The fruit is kidney-shaped, about an inch in length, and has a double shell. The kernel or cashew nut, which is sweet, oily, and nutritious, is much used for food in the tropics after being roasted to destroy the caustic juice. It yields a light-colored oil said to be the equal of olive oil and is utilized in various culinary ways. In the West Indies it is used to flavor wine, particularly Madeira, and is imported into Great Britain for this purpose. The nut grows on the end of a fleshy, pear-shaped stalk, called the cashew apple, which is white, yellow, or red, juicy and slightly acid, and is eaten, used for juice, and fermented to make an alcoholic beverage. Cashews are classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Sapindales, family Anacardiaceae.

Cashew

 

(Anacardium occidentale), a tree up to 12 m tall of the family Anacardiaceae. It is cultivated in the tropics. The shell of the nutlike fruit yields cashew oil, which is used in medicine; there is also an edible nucleus. The pear-shaped peduncle, known as the cashew apple, has a pleasant bittersweet taste, is rich in vitamin C, and is valued as a fruit. A gum is made from the trunks of old cashew trees. Articles made from cashew wood are resistant to decay.

REFERENCES

Alekseev, V. P. “Kazhu, akazhu: Anacardium occidentale L.” Subtropicheskie kul’tury, 1959, no 1.
Siniagin, I. I. Tropicheskie zemledelie. Moscow, 1968. Pages 417–19.

cashew

[′kash·ü]
(botany)
Anacardium occidentale. An evergreen tree of the order Sapindales grown for its kidney-shaped edible nuts and resinous oil.

cashew

1. a tropical American anacardiaceous evergreen tree, Anacardium occidentale, bearing kidney-shaped nuts that protrude from a fleshy receptacle
2. the edible nut of this tree
References in periodicals archive ?
Already, nearly Sh30 billion has been allocated to construct three cashew nut factories to support country's processing capacity of the second largest export cash crop.
Reduce heat to low and add cashew nut powder and cardamom powder to the mixture; cook and mix continuously until mixture thickens and turns into a big single lump -- it will take around 5-7 minutes to reach this stage.
Cheesy Chorizo Scrambled Eggs, Eggs Benedict, Papadelle Bolognaise, Chicken Cashew Nut
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Season the curry to taste, garnish with fresh coriander and scatter over the cashew nuts.
Toast the cashew nuts lightly in a dry frying pan until golden.
Cashew nut revenues account for some 5 percent of Tanzania's annual Gross Domestic Product, according to the Tanzania Trade Development Authority.
It is well documented that cashew nuts contain essential nutrients such as protein, fat and appreciable amounts of minerals [3].
OVER pounds 60,000 will be pumped in to developing renewable energy projects in Africa The Welsh Government announced the funding recently that will help install solar panels at the health clinic The Gambia and support a solar powered irrigation system in Kenya that will enable a local community to grow crops, including cashew nuts, more effectively.
uk CRUNCHY NUTTY GRANOLA Make your own cereal with oats, nuts, fruit and seeds for a nutritious start to your day PROPOINTS' VALUE: 8 SERVINGS: 12 PREPARATION TIME: 10min COOKING TIME: 20min LEVEL OF DIFFICULTY: Easy Ingredients * 25g almonds * 25g pecan nuts * 25g cashew nuts * 25g hazelnuts * 400g jumbo oats * 50g sunflower seeds * 50ml sunflower oil * 6 tbsp honey * 50g blueberries * 50g cranberries * 50g raw cherries Instructions: Preheat the oven to Gas Mark 5/190C/fan oven 170C.
49/50g) and plans to launch chilli peanuts and cashew nuts in the new year.
Pakistan dry fruits comprises a variety of nuts, almonds, cashew nuts (KAJO), pistachio, walnut, raisins, dried apricot, pipe nut (Chilgoza).