cashew

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cashew

(kăsh`o͞o, kəsho͞o`), tropical American tree (Anacardium occidentale) of the family Anacardiaceae (sumacsumac
or sumach
, common name for some members of the Anacardiaceae, a family of trees and shrubs native chiefly to the tropics but ranging into north temperate regions and characterized by resinous, often acrid, sap.
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 family), valued chiefly for the cashew nut of commerce. The tree's acrid sap is used in making a varnish that protects woodwork and books from insects. The fruit is kidney-shaped, about an inch in length, and has a double shell. The kernel or cashew nut, which is sweet, oily, and nutritious, is much used for food in the tropics after being roasted to destroy the caustic juice. It yields a light-colored oil said to be the equal of olive oil and is utilized in various culinary ways. In the West Indies it is used to flavor wine, particularly Madeira, and is imported into Great Britain for this purpose. The nut grows on the end of a fleshy, pear-shaped stalk, called the cashew apple, which is white, yellow, or red, juicy and slightly acid, and is eaten, used for juice, and fermented to make an alcoholic beverage. Cashews are classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Sapindales, family Anacardiaceae.

Cashew

 

(Anacardium occidentale), a tree up to 12 m tall of the family Anacardiaceae. It is cultivated in the tropics. The shell of the nutlike fruit yields cashew oil, which is used in medicine; there is also an edible nucleus. The pear-shaped peduncle, known as the cashew apple, has a pleasant bittersweet taste, is rich in vitamin C, and is valued as a fruit. A gum is made from the trunks of old cashew trees. Articles made from cashew wood are resistant to decay.

REFERENCES

Alekseev, V. P. “Kazhu, akazhu: Anacardium occidentale L.” Subtropicheskie kul’tury, 1959, no 1.
Siniagin, I. I. Tropicheskie zemledelie. Moscow, 1968. Pages 417–19.

cashew

[′kash·ü]
(botany)
Anacardium occidentale. An evergreen tree of the order Sapindales grown for its kidney-shaped edible nuts and resinous oil.

cashew

1. a tropical American anacardiaceous evergreen tree, Anacardium occidentale, bearing kidney-shaped nuts that protrude from a fleshy receptacle
2. the edible nut of this tree
References in periodicals archive ?
The picked cashewnut is the taken to the process area where it is loaded to the conveyor of dry roaster in different batch sizes.
Tenders are invited for procurement of empty oil tins and cashewnut tins
Tenders are invited for license rights for procurment of empty oil tins and cashewnut tins
Tropican Juice Per Ltr,100% Real Juice Per Ltr,Coke/Thums Per Ltr 15,Salted Cashewnut Per Kg,Roasted Cashew Per Kg,Plain Almond Per Kg,Roasted Almond Per Kg,Akroat Per Kg, Pista Salted W/O Per Kg,Pista Salted with cover
Tenders are invited for licence rights for procurement of empty oil tins & cashewnut tins etc.
Garnish with fried onions, butter, cashewnuts, fresh mint, and coriander.
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For mains, we ordered a Szechuan style chicken with chilli and cashewnuts, which arrived on a plate with an intricate Chinese monk made of salt, as a garnish
May is the season for fruits and nuts when you can eat all the fruits starting with the king of fruits--the alphonso mangoes, papaya, jamuns to cashewnuts.
of puff pastry interspersed with a gooey, spicy apple filling, raisins and cashewnuts.
I have never been won over by the use of cashewnuts in "exotic" cooking, so it was with reluctance then that I followed Archie's suggestion of trying theMust chicken, in which them eat is stir fried in a spicy black bean sauce and sprinkled with nuts.