Casimir


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Casimir

 

(Kazimierz). In Poland:

Casimir I the Restorer. Born July 25, 1016; died Oct. 24 (or Nov. 28), 1058. Prince of the Piast dynasty; ruled from 1038 or 1039. Aided by the German emperor Henry III, Casimir I ascended the throne at a time of declining central authority and of a widespread antifeudal peasant movement (1037–38). He pursued a policy of unifying the Polish lands. With the support of Kievan Rus’, with which he concluded an alliance about 1039, he obtained the return of Mazovia in 1047; in 1054 he acquired Silesia. Casimir helped to consolidate in Poland a church hierarchy independent of the higher German clergy.

Casimir II the Just. Born 1138; died May 5, 1194. Prince from 1177.

Casimir HI the Great. Born Apr. 30, 1310, in the village Kowal, now in Bydgoszcz Wojewóztwo; died Nov. 5, 1370, in Kraków. King from 1333; last king of the Piast dynasty.

Casimir III promulgated the Wiślica and Piotrków Statutes in 1346–47, establishing in Poland a limited monarchy. He introduced independent higher courts of German law and forbade Polish cities to carry their judicial appeals to foreign countries. He carried out a monetary reform between 1337 and 1346 that brought about price stabilization and promoted the development of trade. Casimir III ended the struggle with the Teutonic Order by ceding Eastern Pomerania to it. He regained Kujawy for Poland in 1343. With the assistance of Hungary and Bohemia he seized Galician Rus’ between 1349 and 1352 and subsequently annexed part of Volynia. Under Casimir III, the University of Kraków was founded (1364).

REFERENCES

Borawska, D. Kryzys monarchii wczesnopiastowskiej w latach trzydziestych XI w. Warsaw, 1964.
Sieradzki, J. Polska wieku XIV: Stadium z czasow Kazimierza Wielkiego.
Warsaw, 1959.
References in classic literature ?
That may be; but you know how it was decided for Casimir Perier as to age; and as to worldly possessions, des Lupeaulx does possess something,--not much, it is true, but the law does not take into account increase, which he may very well obtain; commissions have wide margins for the deputies of the Centre, you know, and we cannot openly oppose the good-will that is shown to this dear friend.
New forces emerge under the title Casimir forces due to the reduction in the space between structure sheets.
She leaves behind two daughters; Terese Jakubauskas and her husband, Romas, of Auburn, Bernadette Caricchio and her husband, Vincent, of Bellingham and Casimir Juska-Juskowiak and his wife, Alka, of Lancaster and West Boylston; six grandchildren, Mark Juskowiak and his wife, Celina, of Worcester, Michael Juskowiak, Christina Rose, her caregiver, and her husband, Scott, of Bellingham, Jennifer Claflin and her husband ,James Jr.
Contract notice: Rehabilitation of 275 housing - perrache group - 28 and 34 during bayard - 65, 67, 69, 71 and 73 delandine street - 37, 39, 41 and 43 rue casimir perrier - 36, 37, 38 and 39 quai perrache 69002 lyon.
Casimir Resource Advisors Opens Houston Office; Claude Joseph Named President --
An example of the related spectrum of vacuum fluctuations was given by Casimir [2], who predicted that two metal plates will attract each other when being separated by a sufficiently small air gap.
com)-- An innovative new product designed to provide music instruction in an entertaining and effective manner, the Casimir Music Instructional System, has been developed by Marie Casimir of Orlando, Florida.
Even the weather was good which allowed us to have some pictures taken in Jesmond Dene PHOTOGRAPHER : NEIL ARCUS PHOTOGRAPHY Secretary Mikaela Casimir, 24, and banker George Carpenter, 27, from Durham, married at Durham Radisson Blu Hotel.
Dominating the stage every time he appears is Christian Patterson as Casimir, the son who has failed to live up to his father's expectations and has suffered mental torment as a result.
Haitian Foreign minister Pierre-Richard Casimir met up with his Dominican counterpart Carlos Morales on Monday.
Casimir est tellement gros qu'il a troue cette bonne vieille rue .
In 1912, Polish-American scientist Casimir Funk, considered the "father of vitamin therapy," first used the term "vitamin" to describe a group of bioactive substances that are vital to human health.