Casimir


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Casimir

 

(Kazimierz). In Poland:

Casimir I the Restorer. Born July 25, 1016; died Oct. 24 (or Nov. 28), 1058. Prince of the Piast dynasty; ruled from 1038 or 1039. Aided by the German emperor Henry III, Casimir I ascended the throne at a time of declining central authority and of a widespread antifeudal peasant movement (1037–38). He pursued a policy of unifying the Polish lands. With the support of Kievan Rus’, with which he concluded an alliance about 1039, he obtained the return of Mazovia in 1047; in 1054 he acquired Silesia. Casimir helped to consolidate in Poland a church hierarchy independent of the higher German clergy.

Casimir II the Just. Born 1138; died May 5, 1194. Prince from 1177.

Casimir HI the Great. Born Apr. 30, 1310, in the village Kowal, now in Bydgoszcz Wojewóztwo; died Nov. 5, 1370, in Kraków. King from 1333; last king of the Piast dynasty.

Casimir III promulgated the Wiślica and Piotrków Statutes in 1346–47, establishing in Poland a limited monarchy. He introduced independent higher courts of German law and forbade Polish cities to carry their judicial appeals to foreign countries. He carried out a monetary reform between 1337 and 1346 that brought about price stabilization and promoted the development of trade. Casimir III ended the struggle with the Teutonic Order by ceding Eastern Pomerania to it. He regained Kujawy for Poland in 1343. With the assistance of Hungary and Bohemia he seized Galician Rus’ between 1349 and 1352 and subsequently annexed part of Volynia. Under Casimir III, the University of Kraków was founded (1364).

REFERENCES

Borawska, D. Kryzys monarchii wczesnopiastowskiej w latach trzydziestych XI w. Warsaw, 1964.
Sieradzki, J. Polska wieku XIV: Stadium z czasow Kazimierza Wielkiego.
Warsaw, 1959.
References in classic literature ?
That may be; but you know how it was decided for Casimir Perier as to age; and as to worldly possessions, des Lupeaulx does possess something,--not much, it is true, but the law does not take into account increase, which he may very well obtain; commissions have wide margins for the deputies of the Centre, you know, and we cannot openly oppose the good-will that is shown to this dear friend.
Greek gymnasts Eleftherios Petrounias and Konstantinos Konstantinidis, Japanese athletes Kazuma Kaya and Fuya Maeno, Chinese athlete Sang Lan, Turkish gymnast Ibrahim Colak, gymnast from the Netherlands Casimir Schmidt and Belarusian gymnast Ilya Yakovlev have reached the finals of the competitions.
Contract award notice:Collection and management of municipal waste from owners of immovable property inhabited by non-residents in the commune of Casimir the Great.
This phenomenon, known as Casimir Effect, was first predicted by the Dutch physicist Hendrick Casimir in 1948, and was first measured in 1996.
Revolutionary Lives: Constance and CASIMIR MARKIEVICZ
Arrington presents readers with a comprehensive examination of the lives and political work of Irish revolutionary nationalist Constance Markievicz and her husband, Polish noble, painter, soldier, playwright, and director Casimir Dunin Markievicz.
An example of the related spectrum of vacuum fluctuations was given by Casimir [2], who predicted that two metal plates will attract each other when being separated by a sufficiently small air gap.
com)-- An innovative new product designed to provide music instruction in an entertaining and effective manner, the Casimir Music Instructional System, has been developed by Marie Casimir of Orlando, Florida.
Casimir est tellement gros qu'il a troue cette bonne vieille rue .
In 1912, Polish-American scientist Casimir Funk, considered the "father of vitamin therapy," first used the term "vitamin" to describe a group of bioactive substances that are vital to human health.
Casimir Road, Dysios, Tobar Na Gaoise and Why But Why are the handicap first-timers tackling star player Chill, who was sixth in the Fred Winter Handicap Hurdle at the Cheltenham Festival and third weeks later against older rivals in a novice handicap hurdle at Fairyhouse.
22 June 2012 - Casimir Capital Ltd is leading a group of agents in Prophecy Platinum Corp's (CVE:NKL) CAD20m (EUR19.