Caspian Seal


Also found in: Wikipedia.

Caspian Seal

 

(Phoca caspica), a mammal of the family Phocidae of the order Pinnipedia. It measures 120–148 cm long and weighs 30–60 kg. The color of the body varies highly with each individual and changes with age: from white in the newborn to yellow and grayish brown with brown and dark spots in the adults. The Caspian seal lives only in the Caspian Sea. In the fall it migrates to the northern part of the sea where it gathers in large numbers on ice (breeding ground), gives birth, and molts. In the spring it returns to the south. It feeds primarily on trash fish. The Caspian seal is important in the seal-hunting industry (its fur, hide, and fat are used). Because of unrestrained trapping (about 100, 000 animals per year), its numbers have declined. There are an estimated 600, 000 seals remaining (1970).

References in periodicals archive ?
The Protocol is an international treaty that obliges the Parties to work together and guides them in the conservation and restoration of the unique Caspian habitats and species such as the celebrated sturgeon and the Caspian seal.
The Caspian seal is one of the smallest members of the earless seal family and unique in that it is found exclusively in the Caspian Sea.
It is Kazakhstan whose objections stopped Iran and the other Caspian coastal states from importing a new jellyfish to the Caspian to eat up the predator jellyfish that is rapidly killing the eggs of the kilka, a mainstay of the Iranian fishing industry as well as food for the Caspian seal and beluga sturgeon that are in rapid decline.
In addition to riding camels and horses, the tourists should be able to see Beluga and Caspian Seal in their natural habitat, and the steppe panther, desert wolf, Kulan and dozens of other animals native to Turkmenistan in their semi natural environment.
Species such as the Tasmanian devil, the Caspian seal and south-east Asia's fishing cat are among those to see their fortunes plummet and are now among the 450 mammals listed as endangered.
A BAN on hunting the Caspian seal is needed to halt massive declines in numbers of the endangered mammal, scientists urged today.
The Tasmanian devil, the Caspian seal and Southeast Asia's fishing cat havealso seen their fortunes plummet, and are now among the 450 mammals listed as endangered.
Threats to species including the Tasmanian Devil, an Australian marsupial, the Caspian seal or the fishing cat, found in Asia, were among those to have worsened.
The researchers also detected about 170 ppb of the chemical in the body of a Caspian seal, caught in the Arctic Ocean, and about 130 ppb in a ribbon seal, caught near Japan, Tanabe said.
Also threatened is the Caspian seal, which is listed by the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN) as a vulnerable species," Gordon says.
These sequences were identical to that of canine distemper virus detected in 1997 in brain tissue from a single Caspian seal in which no evidence of morbillivirus lesions was found (6).
Serological evidence of transmission of human influenza A and B viruses to Caspian seals (Phoca caspica).