cast-iron architecture


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cast-iron architecture,

a term used to designate buildings that incorporate cast iron for structural and/or decorative purposes. After 1800 cast-iron supports were exploited as an alternative to masonry, and with the introduction of wrought-iron beams at mid-century, an efficient, prefabricated method of skeletal construction was possible, of which the most notable example was Joseph Paxton's Crystal PalaceCrystal Palace,
building designed by Sir Joseph Paxton and erected in Hyde Park, London, for the Great Exhibition in 1851. In 1854 it was removed to Sydenham, where, until its damage by fire in 1936, it housed a museum of sculpture, pictures, and architecture and was used for
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 (1851) in London. Iron and glass canopies were used to cover such diverse structures as shopping arcades, library reading rooms, and the vast new railway terminals. In the United States, James BogardusBogardus, James
, 1800–1874, American architect, b. Catskill, N.Y. Among the first to use cast iron in the construction of building facades, Bogardus was noted for his commercial building designs in New York City.
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 pioneered the use of cast-iron commercial facades, which combined utility with the easy replication of attenuated classical orders in repeated bays.

Cast-iron architecture

Buildings originally designed to emulate stone buildings in Renaissance style designs. They eventually developed a recognizable style of their own. They housed manufacturing companies who have since vanished, leaving large uninterrupted spaces with heavy timber and iron construction in its wake. Many have now been converted to living lofts above commercial stores.

cast-iron architecture

In building construction, cast iron used in combination with wrought iron for the framing of commercial buildings and for the components of cast-iron fronts; used primarily before the advent of steel-frame construction. Usually characterized by: prefabricated cast-iron components, repetitive modules, and large windows, in contrast to earlier masonry façades in which large windows were impractical because they weakened the wall into which they were set.
References in periodicals archive ?
Bogardus Garden was named after one of New York City's most renowned 19th century architects and pioneer of cast-iron architecture, James Bogardus.
It is an example of New York's cast-iron architecture, built in 1857 in the Italian Renaissance style, to house a prominent Manhattan shipping firm.
van Berkel, of UN Studio, said Five Franklin Place was designed with "several influences" and gives a nod to Tribeca's cast-iron architecture.
Esthetes wrote, wringing their hands about the effect on "the most noteworthy street in SoHo for Cast-Iron architecture.
Located at the corner of Chambers Street, this city-owned landmarked structure is one of the earliest examples of cast-iron architecture.
In the '60s, thanks to the crusade mounted by the Friends of Cast-Iron Architecture, the place achieved recognition as the nation's finest collection of nineteenth-century industrial buildings.