Castro Alves, Antônio de

Castro Alves, Antônio de

Castro Alves, Antônio de:

see Alves, Antônio de CastroAlves, Antônio de Castro
, 1847–71, Brazilian poet. A disciple of Victor Hugo, he came to fame with Espumas flutuantes [tossing spume] (1871). Despite a wild bohemian lifestyle, he was intensely nationalist and socially conscious.
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Castro Alves, Antonio de


Born Mar. 14, 1847, on the Sabeceiras estate near Curralinho; died July 6, 1871 in Bahia. Brazilian poet.

Castro Alves was the foremost revolutionary romantic poet of Brazil. His drama Gonzaga, or the Revolution in Minas (performed, 1867; published, 1875) lauded the heroes of the revolutionary conspiracy of the late 18th century. Freedom is the major theme of his verse collections Floating Foam (1870) and Slaves (published posthumously, 1883) and his narrative poems The Groans of Africa (1868), and The Slave Ship (1869). He was an ardent defender of the Negroes. In such verse cycles as Paulo Alfonso’s Waterfall (published, 1876), Castro Alves re-created the majestic landscapes of Brazil. His works were paeans to the power of love.


Obras completas, 2nd ed., vols. 1–2. Rio de Janeiro, 1944.
In Russian translation:
Stikhi. Introductory essay by I. Tynianova. Moscow, 1958.


Amadu, Zh. Kastro Alves. Afterword by I. Terterian. Moscow, 1963.
Calmon, P. A vida de Castro Alves, 3rd. ed. Rio de Janeiro, 1961.
Horch, H. J. Bibliografia de Castro Alves. Rio de Janeiro, 1960.