Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.


a language of Catalonia, quite closely related to Spanish and Provençal, belonging to the Romance group of the Indo-European family



the language of the Catalans, which belongs to the Romance group of languages.

Catalan is spoken by more than 5 million people (1967, estimate) in Spain, Andorra, France, and the Balearic Islands. The dialects of modern Catalan are divided into two groups—oriental (the Central dialect, including the city of Barcelona, as well as the Balearic, Roussillon, and Alghero dialects) and occidental (the Lérida and Valencia dialects). The Central dialect is the basis of the literary language. The founder of the modern literary language and the most prominent writer of the 19th century was J. Verdaguer.

Catalan has much in common with both Spanish and Proven-gal. One of the distinctive features of its grammatical structure is the periphrastic preterite (the verb anar, “to go,” plus infinitive), which replaces the simple past. The pronominal system is characterized by an abundance of adverbal forms which generate groups made up of two or three units.


Shishmarev, V. F. Ocherki po istorii iazykov Ispanii. Moscow-Leningrad, 1941.
Vasil’eva-Shvede, O. K. “O meste katalanskogo sredi romanskikh iazykov.” Uch. zap. LGU, 1961, NO. 299, ISSUE 59.
Badia Margaret, A. Gramática catalana, vols. 1–2. Madrid, 1962.
Fabra, P. Diccionari general de la llengua catalana. Barcelona, 1954.


References in periodicals archive ?
Synopsis: Ahead of a potential vote on independence on Sunday, Catalans express less confidence in their national government (22%) than do Spaniards in the rest of the country (30%).
The Spanish government believes the decision taken by the Catalan assembly "clearly violates" eight articles of the Spanish Constitution.
If at all, Catalan is nowadays on the point of developing into an autonomous nation.
Outside the Catalan Parliament building, a few dozen demonstrators gathered, both for and against staying in Spain.
Catalan Dragons' Zeb Taia powers through the London Broncos defence
France, too, are much changed, with caretaker coach Aurelien Cologni also relying on a mixture of youth and the experience of Catalan Dragons regulars Thomas Bosc, Gregory Mounis, Mickael Simon and Cyril Stacul as well as captain Olivier Elima, the seasoned Bradford forward.
In his introduction, Keown notes that the purpose of this volume is "to offer the English reader a first port of call for information" about Catalan culture (2).
Catalan television can be considered to have been particularly successful in three areas: news programmes, fiction and new formats.
Jordan Tansey stepped and jinked his way to the Catalan try line and Schifcofske kicked the conversion.
After this brief taxonomic reflection, I hope I will not be gravely misunderstood if I say that Catalan Studies has as yet no place in the academic sun.
Le joueur du Real a paru particulierement agace du fait que le journaliste exige une reponse en Catalan.