Çatalhöyük

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Related to Catalhoyuk: Jericho

Çatalhöyük

(chätäal`höyük`) or

Çatalhüyük

(–hü–), Neolithic settlement on the Konya Plain in S Turkey that flourished c.6500–c.5800 B.C. The site, first excavated (1961–65) by British archaeologist James Mellaart, occupies 32 acres (12.8 hectares) and is divided into 12 horizons (levels of development). Perhaps the largest Neolithic settlement known, the community had as many as 8,000 inhabitants and has been studied intensively for clues to early religious and social development. Layer upon layer of painted murals, consisting of animal and geometric images painted on plaster, decorate the walls of the site's houses. Çatalhöyük was first thought to have depended on agriculture and a developing practice of cattle raising, but British archaeologist Ian Hodder, who has excavated there since 1993, has suggested that its development predates agriculture and that the site was most likely settled for religious and artistic rather than economic reasons, i.e., because of its closeness to the clays used to create its plaster-based murals.
References in periodicals archive ?
is the director of the Catalhoyuk Research Project.
Many buildings in Catalhoyuk were built so close together that people had to get in through the roof.
Baiter has visited the site annually since 1998 and has been dubbed the official biographer of Catalhoyuk by the Hodder team.
Here's a sampling of topics: the finding of Neolithic drawings at Catalhoyuk in Turkey is a fraud; ancient Egyptian obelisks were raised by a hitherto undiscovered technology; the Greek city-states were "democratic" by our modern American definition; Pushyamitra Sunga, a Hindu ruler in the second century BCE, was a great persecutor of the Buddhists; the Mayan kingdoms died out from disease; Columbus intentionally underestimated the circumference of Earth in order to get funding; Lincoln maneuvered the South into firing the first shot at Fort Sumter; Sacco and Vanzetti were innocent; and, the final topic of the set: it was reasonable for George W.
The aim of this paper is to summarise progress in the development of reflexive methods at Catalhoyuk over the past 20 years, and to describe some recent innovations that have used digital and 3D technologies to enhance the original reflexive aims.
Ozsoy said that the theme of Turkish pavilion was Catalhoyuk, a neolithic site in Anatolia.
The famous site of Catalhoyuk in central Anatolia (32:49:4IN, 37:40:0IE) is made up of two distinct tells, the eastern of which includes over 19m of Neolithic deposits.
They look at common features of the two areas, posit figurines as markers of the longevity of belief systems, and examine the hybrid imagery and symbolism of the goddess and the bear at Catalhoyuk.
Turkey is, of course, the locus of a series of world-famous field projects, such as those at Catalhoyuk and Gobekli Tepe, and they featured prominently in the programme and in the pre- and post-conference excursions.
They are the archeological sites of Aphrodisias, Sagalassos and Perge, the neolithic site of Catalhoyuk, and the ancient cities of Lycian Civilization.
presents the fifth volume in the sequence of McDonald Institute/British Institute of Archeology at Ankara monographs publishing the work of the Catalhoyuk Research Project, which excavated a large Neolithic and Chalcolithic settlement near the present-day city of Konya, Turkey during 1995-1999.
The site of Catalhoyuk in central Turkey has long occupied an important place in archaeological reconstructions of early village life and the transition to agriculture in the Near East.