Catawba


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Related to Catawba: Catawba River, Catawba County

Catawba

(kətô`bə), Native North Americans whose language belongs to the Siouan branch of the Hokan-Siouan linguistic stock (see Native American languagesNative American languages,
languages of the native peoples of the Western Hemisphere and their descendants. A number of the Native American languages that were spoken at the time of the European arrival in the New World in the late 15th cent.
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). They have for centuries occupied a region in South Carolina around the Catawba River; they are noted for their ancient traditional pottery, which they still produce. Once a large and powerful group, they waged incessant but unsuccessful war against the Cherokee and tribes of the Ohio River valley. Fighting and European-introduced smallpox reduced them to a small group in the 18th cent. In 1962 the Catawbas' relationship with the federal government was terminated; in 1993, however, tribal status was restored and their reservation enlarged. Tribal headquarters are at Rock Hill, S.C. In 1990 there were close to 1,000 Catawba in the United States. The last speaker of Catawba died in 1996.

Bibliography

See D. S. Brown, The Catawba Indians (1966); C. M. Hudson, The Catawba Nation (1970).


Catawba,

river, N.C. and S.C.: see WatereeWateree
, river, c.395 mi (635 km) long, rising in the Blue Ridge, W N.C., as the Catawba River and flowing E past Hickory and then S past Charlotte into central N S.C. (becoming the Wateree below Great Falls) to the Congaree, which it joins to form the Santee SE of Columbia.
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.

Catawba

grape grown in the eastern U.S., producing a medium-dry white wine. [Am. Hist.: Misc.]
See: Wine
References in periodicals archive ?
The prevalence of selected health indicators were compared among the Catawba Indians, African Americans, and whites in South Carolina, considering the possible role of rural locality and education.
The Catawba already has more than 600 sewage and industrial discharges along its length.
Between the school actively helping me find a job, and just being able to say I go to Catawba Valley Community College, there are a lot of doors open to me that might not be open otherwise.
The old Catawba reservation encompassed all of the nearby city of Rock Hill, clouding the title to every piece of real estate there.
The bonds are secured by net revenues derived by the agency from the operation of the Catawba power project, after the payment of operating expenses.
When approached by Catawba College about this opportunity to preserve the rich heritage of Mr.
Further, a decision in the case could ultimately chart how communities along the Catawba River basin will grow, as development is tied to access to a healthy water supply.
Nearly all of the power supplied by the agency is derived from its 75% ownership interest in unit 2 of the Catawba nuclear station (the project).
The GKN Driveline Newton expansion was made possible in part by the Catawba County Economic Development team, which facilitated an award from the state's Job Development Investment Grant (JDIG) Program.
The collective work that the Catawba Lands Conservancy does to ensure the perpetual preservation and stewardship of our natural resources goes a long way to improving the quality of life in this region, Paul Newton, Duke Energy president North Carolina, told more than 100 CLC supporters this morning at the organization s annual breakfast meeting.
The bonds are secured by net revenues derived from the Catawba power sales agreement and the supplemental power sales agreement.
1, 2013 /PRNewswire/ -- Catawba Regional Hospice's 200 employees are committed to providing top-notch care to the seriously ill in need of palliative care.