Cateau-Cambrésis, Treaty of 1559(redirected from Cateau-Cambresis, Treaty of 1559)
Cateau-Cambrésis, Treaty of (1559)
two peace treaties that concluded the Italian Wars (1494–1559). The treaties were signed in the city of Cateau-Cambrésis (France) in 1559, the first on April 2 between France and England and the second on April 3 between France and Spain. According to the first treaty, England returned Calais to France for a ransom of 500, 000 ecus to be paid over eight years. According to the second treaty, France gave up its claims to Italy, returned Corsica to Genoa, and withdrew its troops from Piedmont and Savoy, which it had been occupying from 1536 and which were now returned to the duke of Savoy. French garrisons remained in only five Piedmontese fortresses: Turin, Chieri, Pinerolo, Chi-vasso, and Villanova d’Asti. The Treaty of Cateau-Cambrésis consolidated the dominance of Spain in the Duchy of Milan, the Kingdom of Naples, and Sicily and Sardinia.
REFERENCESRuble, A. de. Le Traité de Cateau-Cambrésis. Paris, 1889.
Romier, L. “Les Guerres d’Henri II et le traité du Cateau-Cambrésis.”In Mélanges d’archéologie et d’histoire de VEcole française de Rome,  30th year, pp. 3–50.