Catharanthus roseus


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Catharanthus roseus

[‚kath·ə‚ran·thəs ′rō·zē·əs]
(botany)
The Madagascar periwinkle plant from which the anticancer compounds vinblastine and vincristine are derived.
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Fungal activity of various alkaloids isolated from Catharanthus roseus G.
Effects of mercury (II) species on cell suspension cultures of Catharanthus roseus.
Elicitor-Induced Indole Alkaloid Biosynthesis in Catharanthus roseus Cell Cultures Is Related to [Ca.
Twenty three Bangladeshi medicinal plants (Abroma augusta, Acanthus ilicifolius, Alstonia scholaris, Calotropis procera, Catharanthus roseus, Citrus grandis, Coccinia grandis, Croton tiglium, Cuscuta reflexa, Excoecaria agallocha, Heritiera fomes, Ipomoea aquatica, Lagerstroemia speciosa, Madhuca indica, Musa sapientum, Nypa fruticans, Piper peepuloides, Premna esculenta, Saraca asoca, Sonneratia apetala, Stevia rebaudiana, Syzygium fruticosum, and Trichosanthes dioica) were collected from various regions of Bangladesh following accounts of their medicinal uses (Ghani, A.
2:45 INFLUENCE OF ZINC COATING PLUG TRAYS ON THE PERFORMANCE OF MARIGOLD TAGETES PATULA, ZINNIA ZINNIA SP AND VINCA CATHARANTHUS ROSEUS
1988) for Anemarrhena asphodeloides, and el-Ghazaly and Nilsson (1991) for Catharanthus roseus.
The best known are the Vinca alkaloids, vinblastine and vincristine, isolated from Catharanthus roseus, etoposide and teniposide, which are semi-synthetic derivatives of the natural product epipodophyllotoxin, Paclitaxel isolated from the bark of Taxus brevifolia, the semi-synthetic derivatives of camptothecin, irinotecan and topotecan, isolated from Cam ptotheca acuminata, among several others (Cragg et al.
Soil salinity alters growth, chlorophyll content, and secondary metabolite accumulation in Catharanthus roseus.
On the other hand, the leaf juice of Catharanthus roseus was used to treat infections, while root juice from the same plant was administered orally for treatment of hypertension.
A notorious example concerns to vinblastine and vincristine alkaloids, which were isolated from Catharanthus roseus and used in medical practice as antineoplastic agents (Cragg and Newman 2005).