References in periodicals archive ?
I have not yet been able to access the work of Hilbert Chiu, 'The Intellectual Origins of Medieval Dualism' (unpublished master's thesis, University of Sydney, 2009), in which an argument against the existence of Catharism is also raised.
Catharism was largely eradicated by the end of the 14th century.
Catharism was one of the most enduring heresies of the Middle Ages and presented one of the greatest challenges ever mounted against the Roman church.
Two other presumptive aspects of Catharism must be mentioned.
Alan Friedlander (2000) explains the popularity of some Christian heresies, like Catharism in the South of France, among the members of the middle class as the result of the consolation offered by heretical teachings to souls tormented by the problem of earthly possessions.
In the third century, Catholicism met the challenge of Manes, the father of Manicheism, only to come face to face with Catharism in the eleventh century, Albigensianism in the twelfth, and Puritanism in the sixteenth.
At the outset, the Church did not even seem in a position to define clearly the doctrine of its presumed enemies, treating as (neo-)Manichaeans or Arians what later became Catharism or Albigensianism.
Rather than originating in the fading military nobility and then spreading vertically downward through networks of clientage, Catharism ramified horizontally from minor urban nobility, merchants, and the upper ranks of the artisanate, especially furriers.
6) It does not matter to us whether X really had an adulterous affair with Y, thus persuading her into heresy; it does matter to us that belonging or not to Catharism was associated tightly with webs of sexual contact, family, friendship and patronage.
More firmly grounded on quantitative evidence is Shannon McSheffrey's incisive study of female literacy (or rather, its almost complete absence) in Lollard communities, which is also valuable for the broader methodological challenge it offers to current assumptions on late-medieval literacy in England; it is complemented by Peter biller's study of Catharism in Languedoc, which finds even less evidence for literacy among 'ordinary women' in Southern than in Northern Europe.
He knows that both Kabbalab and Catharism have some connection with ancient Gnosticism.
Amidst intense papal-imperial power struggles in northern-Italian cities, Peter's career was deeply conditioned by the burgeoning papal offensive against Catharism (often enmeshed with Ghibelline politics), and by the supportive role the young Dominican Order developed in it.