Also found in: Dictionary, Acronyms, Wikipedia.


1. Marcus Porcius , known as Cato the Elder or the Censor. 234--149 bc, Roman statesman and writer, noted for his relentless opposition to Carthage
2. his great-grandson, Marcus Porcius, known as Cato the Younger or Uticensis. 95--46 bc, Roman statesman, general, and Stoic philosopher; opponent of Catiline and Caesar



a branch of the Porcius family of ancient Rome. The most famous representatives of the family are Cato the Elder and Cato the Younger.

Cato the Elder (or Cato the Censor; Marcus Porcius Cato Major). Born 234 B.C., in Tusculum; died 149 B.C. in Rome. Roman writer, founder of Roman prose literature, and statesman.

Cato the Elder served in the Second Punic War and was a praetor in Sardinia in 198 B.C. While serving as consul in Spain in 195, he suppressed an uprising of the local tribes. Cato was the first Roman historian who wrote in Latin. He is the author of Origins, a work that elucidates the history of Rome from the founding of the city to the Second Punic War, a great number of speeches and letters, a collection of sayings of famous people, and other works that have survived only in fragments. Cato compiled a kind of encyclopedia written in the form of precepts to his son Marcus (it has not survived). His treatise On Agriculture, which has survived in full (written about 160 b.c.; Russian translation, 1950), contains information on the organization of slaveholding estates, the development of wine-making, horticulture, and olive growing in Italy, and ancient customs and superstitions.

An implacable enemy of Carthage, Cato ended every speech in the Senate with a phrase that has become proverbial: “And yet I believe that Carthage must be destroyed” (“Ceterum censeo Carthaginem esse delendam”).


In Oratorum romanorum fragmenta, 2nd éd., vol. 1. Edited by E. Malcovati. Turin, 1955.
De agricultura. Edited by Z. Mazzarino. Leipzig, 1962.
In Russian translation:
“Iz rechi za rodostsev.” In Rimskaia literatura v izbr. perevodakh. Compiled by S. P. Kondrat’ev. Moscow, 1939.


Kienast, D. Cato der Censor. Heidelberg, 1954.
De Regibus, L. Il Censore e l’Africano. Genoa, 1959.
Los, Z. Rzym na rozdozu: Studium monograficzne o Katone Starszem. Warsaw, 1960.
Cato the Younger (or Cato of Utica; Marcus Porcius Cato Minor). Born 95 B.C.; died 46 B.C., in Utica. Roman politician. Great-grandson of Cato the Elder.
Cato the Younger was people’s tribune in 62 b.c. and praetorin 54. He demanded the execution of Catiline’s followers. Duringthe first triumvirate (60–53) Cato opposed the triumvirs, espe-cially Caesar. In the civil war of 49^45, Cato supported Pompey.After Pompey’s defeat at Pharsalus in 48, Cato led the forces of the Pompeians in Africa. He committed suicide after Caesar’svictory at Thapsus (46 B.C.).


the Elder (234–149 B.C.) for his last eight years said in every Senate speech, “Carthage must be destroyed.” [Rom. Hist.: EB (1963) V, 43]


Fortran-like CAI language for PLATO system on CDC 1604. "CSL PLATO System Manual", L.A. Fillman, U Illinois, June 1966.
References in periodicals archive ?
ADial CEO William Stilley mentioned that this partnership provides the company with the expertise and world-class capabilities of the Cato team.
But when police produced Cato at Liverpool Magistrates Court he was granted bail - despite serving a previous nine-year sentence for holding up a building society and fleeing with pounds 30,000.
Cato forced petrified Denise Holmes and her colleague Kay Stanley to open the safe at the William Hill shop on Grange Lane.
Cato Supreme Court Review is available in paperback for $15 directly from the Cato Institute by calling (800) 767-1241 or by visiting www.
The tale of Juba affords Addison the opportunity to characterize Cato as the most Roman of Romans.
Salisbury points to the study, Universal Preschool is No Golden Ticket by Darcy Ann Olsen, analyst at the Cato Institute.
CATO also received major corporate support, although it does not release the exact percentage of its revenue that comes from this source.
In a decision received Thursday by the city, Judge Ernest Hiroshige ruled that Cato had voluntarily injected himself into a public controversy by writing a letter to the Police Commission that accused Kroeker of not being fair to African-American police officers.
I am honored to be affiliated with Cato and, along with my brother Charles, to have been instrumental in helping build an organization we believe can help advance a free society.
6, 2015 /PRNewswire/ -- A joint venture between Lincoln Harris and The Cato Corporation (NYSE: CATO) has filed for rezoning of a 360-acre site in York County, South Carolina.
McDonald (an assistant Professor as George Mason University and a visiting fellow in Governance Studies at the Brookings institution) and John Samples (Director of the Center for Representative Government at the Cato Institute), The Marketplace Democracy: Electoral Competition and American Politics is an anthology of essays by political experts concerning the stagnancy of modern American democracy.