Causal Connection

Causal Connection

 

in law, a connection between the behavior and actions (or inaction) of a person and the consequences of such behavior or actions. In Soviet criminal law, the question of a causal connection arises when a person is charged with responsibility for an offense, and harmful consequences resulting from such an offense are considered by law to be elements of the crime. For example, art. 211 of the RSFSR Criminal Code provides for criminal responsibility for violations of traffic regulations and regulations concerning utilization of motor transport or urban electrical transport if the violation results in death, severe bodily injury, or substantial material loss. The absence of a causal connection between the illegal action (or inaction) and harmful results excludes the possibility of criminal responsibility. The fact that a causal connection is established is not sufficient to decide the question of criminal responsibility, since the accused can be held responsible for the harmful consequences of his behavior only if those consequences were caused deliberately or through negligence.

References in periodicals archive ?
THE COURT NOTED THAT THE PLAINTIFF'S EXPERT'S AFFIDAVIT HAD TO SET FORTH, IN DETAIL, THE CAUSAL CONNECTION BETWEEN THE DEFENDANTS' CONDUCT AND THE PATIENT'S INJURY AND DEATH.
The researchers caution, however, that the findings do not necessarily indicate a causal connection.
Diagnosis and Treatment General Standard of Care in Diagnosis and Treatment Illustrative Applications of the Standard of Care Proof of Negligence Causal Connection Chapter 9.
White explains in her article, though the list of environmental perils attributed to hydraulic fracturing is long, with the exception of groundwater depletion, no causal connection between hydraulic fracturing and environmental problems has been demonstrated.
The analysis challenges a study published last year that claimed to have found a causal connection between climate warming and civil violence in Africa.
A claimant's injury, however, need not arise from something peculiar to the employment, but the injury is compensable if after the event it is apparent to a rational mind that there is a causal connection between the conditions under which the employment was performed and the resulting injury.
Martinez failed to make out a prima facie case of retaliation because she failed to show any causal connection between her complaint and her termination.
However, the study did not demonstrate a causal connection between the chemicals and breast cancer.
The court also held that the prisoner failed to establish a causal connection between protected conduct and his transfer.
What Ockham questions is whether a causal connection can be demonstrated, since the items in a causal relation are absolutes each of which could in principle exist without the other.
So baldly stated, it is easy to react almost viscerally--in one's "intellectual viscera," if such an organ can be imagined--to Patterson's thesis, and to reactively denounce the possibility of such a causal connection, of one of the noblest statements of individual right to the most ignoble state of personal rightlessness, impotence, social separation and dependence.
In a third study, published in the Journal of Immunotoxicology in early February 2011, the causal connection between Thimerosal and autism is explained: "Thimerosal has been implicated as a cause of autism.