Cecil John Rhodes


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Rhodes, Cecil John

 

Born July 5, 1853, in Bishop’s Stortford, Hertfordshire; died Mar. 26, 1902, in Muizenberg, Cape Colony. British colonial figure.

Rhodes was the inspirator and organizer of the seizure of enormous territories in southern and central Africa by the British South Africa Company in the 1880’s and 1890’s. Part of these territories formed a colony, which in 1895 was named Rhodesia in Rhodes’ honor. Rhodes was the founder and coowner of a number of South African diamond- and gold-mining companies. From 1890 to 1896 he was prime minister of the Cape Colony. He was forced to resign after the failure of an attempt to seize the Boer South African Republic. Rhodes was one of the initiators of the Boer War of 1899–1902.

References in periodicals archive ?
Considering both the relationship of Cecil John Rhodes, formerly Prime Minister of the Cape Colony and finally imperialist par excellence, with the architect Sir Herbert Baker and the relationship between Baker's monumental buildings in Pretoria and New Delhi, Metcalf earlier wrote in an article in History Today (1986:12):
Two pictures of the man were current in my youth: In the quasi-British atmosphere of my English-medium elementary school in Cape Town (in the fifties of the last century), the myth was propagated of Cecil John Rhodes (Fig.
The poem from which these lines are taken points to Rhodes University, which is named after Cecil John Rhodes.
To cheers and jeers, they dismantled and took down the campus statue of one of Africa's leading symbols of land and natural resources dispossession Cecil John Rhodes.
My friend," says the long-coated man, "this is the head-bone of Cecil John Rhodes.
This is true," the head-bone vendor confirms adding, without batting an eyelid, "but this is the skull of Cecil John Rhodes when he was a boy
Before I go further, let me introduce Cecil John Rhodes, the man who had a country named after him in Southern Africa: Rhodesia, later renamed Zimbabwe at independence in 1980.