was pivotal to this development, and had been heavily involved with railways in Southern Africa since 1886 with the discovery of gold on the Witwatersrand that he was keen to exploit.
The most easily remembered is, of course, Cecil Rhodes
When Cecil Rhodes
and his motley band of buccaneers came to Africa, they did not do so to bring democracy, human rights and good governance.
Neil Pearson had already spent some three months in South Africa filming the life story of Cecil Rhodes
for the BBC.
In 1895, three African chiefs travelled to England to persuade Queen Victoria not to give their lands to Cecil Rhodes
and negotiating the stairs at Cadbury's Bournville factory provided one of the most anxious moments of the trip.
How were the titles acquired by Cecil Rhodes
and his men from King Lobengula of the Matabele people?
The empire began in the late 19th century when the British colonial entrepreneur, Cecil Rhodes
, bought the De Beers family farm near Kimberley - the diamond-rush town high on the inland plateau where De Beers headquarters is still situated.
British and American branches of the IIA were established on 30 May 1919 at a meeting in Paris, by American and British Paris Peace Conference delegates who belonged to the American and British branches of a secret organisation founded by Cecil Rhodes
[he of Africa fame].
Applicants are chosen on the basis of the criteria set down in the Will of Cecil Rhodes
(1853-1902) who created the scholarships to bind together the elite of the former British colonies by bringing promising young men and women to Oxford University to "imbibe the English imperial ethos".
This paragraph in the will of Cecil Rhodes
(1853-1902) ensured that when he finally died on 29 March 1902, his body was carried from South Africa to Rhodesia (a country he never lived in and yet named it after himself), and ultimately to the exact spot described in the will, on top of the "View of the World" mountain, in an obscure corner of the Matopos National Park, in pristine surroundings.
The results being that the superior force of the day, Britain, later to be represented by Prime Minister Cecil Rhodes
and his Dc Beers company, took control of the land and resources in it.
Like the South Africans with the campaigns against Cecil Rhodes
and other symbols of the apartheid system, Nigerians have a dilemma over one of their most important cities, the oil city of Port Harcourt, named after a notorious paedophile.