Celastraceae


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Celastraceae

[‚sel·ə′strās·ē‚ē]
(botany)
A family of dicotyledonous plants in the order Celastrales characterized by erect and basal ovules, a flower disk that surrounds the ovary at the base, and opposite or sometimes alternate leaves.

Celastraceae

 

a family of dicotyledonous plants consisting of evergreen or deciduous trees, shrubs, and vines. The leaves are simple with small stipules. The flowers, which are usually plain, are regular, more often bisexual than unisexual, and more often in racemes than solitary. There are four or five sepals and petals and either the same number of stamens or eight to ten stamens. There is a well-developed nectarous disk inside the flower. The ovaries are either superior, or, less frequently, semi-inferior. The fruits are pod, berry, samara, or drupe, and the seeds are usually supplied with a fleshly caruncle (aril). The caruncles are often brightly colored; their coloring promotes their distribution by birds. There are about 60 genera and 850 species in countries with tropical, subtropical, and temperate climates in both hemispheres, more in southern Asia and southern Africa than elsewhere. In the USSR there are three genera— Euonymus, Kalonymus, and Celastrus—comprising 19 species; the species of the last two genera are found mainly in the Far East.

REFERENCES

Prokhanov, Ia. I. “Bereskletovye—Celastraceae Lindl.” In Flora SSSR, vol. 14. Moscow-Leningrad, 1949.
Takhtadzhian, A. L. Sistema i filogeniia tsvetkovykh rastenii. Moscow-Leningrad, 1966.

M. E. KIRPICHNIKOV

References in periodicals archive ?
It has been shown that sesquiterpenes from Celastraceae are specific modulators of P-gp (Munoz-Martinez et al.
MEP (cap; B, OA) Celastraceae Maytenus texana Lundell MST (cap; B, OA, WA) Mortonia greggii Gray MST (ach; B, OA) Schaefferia cuneifolia Gray SWD (ber; B, OA) Sapindaceae Sapindus drummondii Hook.
Arecaceae Wodyetia bifurcata Irvine Celastraceae Cassine transvaalensis Burtt-Davy Fabaceae Phaseolus sp.
Those species are distributed in 37 families, of which the following stood out: Asteraceae, Fabaceae, Celastraceae and Turneraceae, with 13, 6, 3 and 2 species, respectively, studied to date.
Hypogynous perianth characterizes fruits of the Brassicaceae, Cardiopteridaceae, Celastraceae, Cunoniaceae, Cyrillaceae, Fabaceae, Herreriaceae, Lophopixidaceae, Malvaceae, Melianthaceae, Nyctaginaceae, Pedaliaceae, Polygalaceae, Polygonaceae, Phyllanthaceae, Rhamnaceae, Rutaceae, Sapindaceae, Simaroubaceae, Trigoniaceae, Tropaeolaceae, and Zygophyllaceae.
Placed tentatively in Celastraceae by Airy Shaw (1973) and in Hydrangeales as Pottingeriaceae Takht.
united with Hippocrateaceae, the name Celastraceae must be used.