Celso Furtado


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Furtado, Celso

 

Born 1920 in Pombal, Brazil. Brazilian economist.

In the 1960’s, Furtado was Brazil’s minister of planning; he helped formulate economic development plans for Brazil, Mexico, and Venezuela. After the Brazilian military coup of 1964, Furtado emigrated. He has been a professor at Yale University (1964) and the University of Paris.

Furtado takes a liberal bourgeois position in his criticism of the business practices of foreign capital and especially of multinational corporations in Latin America. He points out the fallacy of the theory of stages of economic growth and holds that the economic backwardness of the developing countries is related to the establishment of the world capitalist economy. Furtado is an advocate of increased government intervention in the economic system. He is aware of the class contradictions based on private capitalist property relations; even though he reduces the class struggle primarily to its economic aspects, he also recognizes its decisive importance for socioeconomic development.

WORKS

A economia brasileira. Rio de Janeiro, 1954.
Uma economia dependente. Rio de Janeiro, 1956.
Dialéctica do desenvolvimento. Rio de Janeiro [1967],
Développement et sous-développement. Paris, 1966.
Teoría y politica del desarrollo económico. [Mexico City, 1969.]
La economía latinoamericana: Una síntesis desde la conquista ibérica hasta la revolución cubana. Santiago de Chile [1970].

E. P. RUSAKOV

References in periodicals archive ?
Amartya Sen, with his "Development as Liberty", and Celso Furtado (9,10), with his critique of the theory of underdevelopment, can be said to be pioneers of the second approach.
Lo que fue Frantz Fanon para el pensamiento decolonizador africano, lo tuvimos tambien en America Latina a partir de los anos cincuenta cuando surge la teoria de la dependencia con Andre Gunder Frank, Mauro Marini, Celso Furtado y, nuestro entrevistado en exclusiva para Siempre
The themes of inequality, oppression of the poor, raising popular consciousness, the "culture of silence," dependency are popular concepts that had been explored by a number of Latin intellectuals, among them, Peruvian Paulo Freire, Bolivian Luis Ramiro Beltran, Antonio Pasquali, Celso Furtado, Orlando Fals Borda, Arturo Escobar, and Fernando Henrique Cardoso (who became president of Brazil).
Para o autor, a discrepancia das condicoes economicas entre Norte e Sul, mesmo diante do avanco constante da integracao internacional por meio de instituicoes (como os blocos regionais, o GATT, o FMI e o Banco Mundial), foi um dos temas fundamentais que articulou politicamente os paises do Sul, tendo sido originalmente pensadas por intelectuais latino-americanos, como Raul Prebisch, Celso Furtado e aqueles que se debrucaram sobre a questao da dependencia (tal como Fernando Henrique Cardoso).
Por certo Gilberto Freyre, Sergio Buarquee Celso Furtado, leituras que fundam algumas das mais potentes interpretacoes sobre o enigma brasileiro, mas tambem com perspectivas criticas formuladas por autores e interlocutores que frequentemente propuseram novos desafios.
Alstom has extended a 90 million maintenance contract with Petrobas for seven years to service power generation equipment at their Governador Leonel Brizola (Termorio), Fernando Gasparian (Piratininga) and Celso Furtado (Termobahia) gas-fired combined cycle power plants (CCPPs) in Brazil.
Essas teses sobre o desenvolvimento estao defendidas no artigo <<O dilema brasileiro: pao ou aco>>, publicado na Revista Brasiliense, jan/fev/1962, numa visao critica das propostas desenvolvimentistas do governo Juscelino Kubitschek e, tambem, a polemica que manteve com Celso Furtado a respeito das politicas propostas por este economista para o desenvolvimento do sertao nordestino.
The writings of thinkers like Raul Prebisch, Celso Furtado and Eduardo Galeano and the reports of the Commission for the Development of Latin America (CEPAL) have elaborated extensively on this.
Receio de confronto com o pujante campo da Economia, onde nomes como Celso Furtado, Maria da Conceicao Tavares, Carlos Lessa, Paul Singer e Wilson Cano produziram algumas das melhores interpretacoes sobre o Brasil e suas regioes no decorrer do seculo XX?
In May 1958 President Kubitschek asked Celso Furtado, a widely respected economist of the National Bank for Economic Development (BNDE), to develop legislation and a program for the Northeast.