Celtic art


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Celtic art

(kĕl`tĭk, sĕl`–). The earliest clearly Celtic style in art was developed in S Germany and E France by tribal artisans of the mid- to late 5th cent. B.C. With the dispersal of Celtic tribes during the next five centuries, their characteristically sophisticated designs were spread throughout Europe and the British Isles. Although some classical influence was evident in Celtic work, most of the complex, linear, highly ornamented pieces that survive reveal an inspiration of great originality and power. Stylized and fantastic plant and animal forms, as well as strong, geometrical, intertwining patterns, decorated the surfaces of household and ritual vessels, weapons, and body ornaments. The principal materials used in the surviving pieces of metalwork, most numerous of the remains, are gold and bronze. Some painted ceramics and enamel work survive as well from the early period. Frequently, Greek-inspired arabesque motifs were modeled in low relief. Artisans of the British Isles adapted Celtic design in the 3d cent. B.C., producing distinctive, vigorous works that soon owed little to Continental originals. Asymmetrical line engraving gained ascendancy in the 1st cent. B.C. for decorated weaponry and utensils. Two hundred years later Roman influence had effectively overwhelmed Celtic styles, although typical motifs were retained well into the medieval period. Numerous first-rate examples of Celtic craftsmanship may be seen at the British Museum.

Bibliography

See E. M. Jope and P. Jacobsthal, Early Celtic Art (2 vol., 1989); R. and V. Megaw, Celtic Art: From Its Beginnings to the Book of Kells (1989); F. Muller, Art of the Celts, 700 B.C. to A.D. 700 (2009).

References in periodicals archive ?
Celtic Art comes from a renowned expert on the subject, features after 250 masterpieces from Celtic productions through the ages, and is a recommendation for collections strong in European art in general or Celtic art and history in particular.
As there are several key sites in the region, something might have been said on Frey's work on the ideologies symbolised in Early Celtic art rather than simply critiquing the 'Celtic-art-equals-Celts' model.
Over the decades his work has been inspired by Welsh and Celtic art and craft, including quilts, Celtic crosses and monuments, warriors on mediaeval tiles and lettering from holy books and old manuscripts like the Black Book of Carmarthen.
Her exhibition of Celtic art, which includes paintings and pattern-work, runs until April 1.
The overall collection of around 170 objects comprises a wide range of artefacts, including fragments of cauldrons, a crescentic-shaped plaque with Celtic art decoration and part of an ancient trumpet or war horn.
Over the last century or so it was popular to treat Celtic art as something distinct and untouched by that of other cultures.
Wells will present an illustrated lecture, "Meanings in Early Celtic Art," at 3 p.
Inmates can take courses on the films of Alfred Hitchcock, Celtic Art history and Egypt studies, as well as guitar lessons, GCSEs in French and Spanish, philosophy, cookery, humanities and media music creation.
The figurine includes very decorative elements, and the children were inspired by patterns from Celtic art, which can be found on ancient illuminated manuscripts.
It is highly decorated, with spirals, circles, curves, and other intricate motifs and is said to be the best example, from a select few surviving examples, of a Celtic art style called La Tene.
The event will feature activities for adults and children, including a chalk art contest, a lecture on Celtic art, poetry readings and storytellers.