Celtic art

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Celtic art

(kĕl`tĭk, sĕl`–). The earliest clearly Celtic style in art was developed in S Germany and E France by tribal artisans of the mid- to late 5th cent. B.C. With the dispersal of Celtic tribes during the next five centuries, their characteristically sophisticated designs were spread throughout Europe and the British Isles. Although some classical influence was evident in Celtic work, most of the complex, linear, highly ornamented pieces that survive reveal an inspiration of great originality and power. Stylized and fantastic plant and animal forms, as well as strong, geometrical, intertwining patterns, decorated the surfaces of household and ritual vessels, weapons, and body ornaments. The principal materials used in the surviving pieces of metalwork, most numerous of the remains, are gold and bronze. Some painted ceramics and enamel work survive as well from the early period. Frequently, Greek-inspired arabesque motifs were modeled in low relief. Artisans of the British Isles adapted Celtic design in the 3d cent. B.C., producing distinctive, vigorous works that soon owed little to Continental originals. Asymmetrical line engraving gained ascendancy in the 1st cent. B.C. for decorated weaponry and utensils. Two hundred years later Roman influence had effectively overwhelmed Celtic styles, although typical motifs were retained well into the medieval period. Numerous first-rate examples of Celtic craftsmanship may be seen at the British Museum.

Bibliography

See E. M. Jope and P. Jacobsthal, Early Celtic Art (2 vol., 1989); R. and V. Megaw, Celtic Art: From Its Beginnings to the Book of Kells (1989); F. Muller, Art of the Celts, 700 B.C. to A.D. 700 (2009).

References in periodicals archive ?
Ross says he is in no rush to tick off the remaining 136 countries and is enjoying every second of "spreading a little Celtic culture across the world".
Additionally, scholars working the field of Celtic history and archeology such as Anne Ross and Nora Chadwick also tended to amalgamate different strands from different fields to arrive at conclusions that current scholars of Celtic culture consider to be rather sweeping and stereotyped.
He said: "Inis Mor is famous around the world for ancient Celtic culture and a place where people can enjoy the remote solitude of island life.
They trace the emergence of Celtic culture and identity and the development of the Celtic spirit, then describe the roles of nature, art and creative living, hospitality in heroic warrior culture, journey, and the otherworld between life and death in the Celtic spirit, followed by literary representations of it in the myth poem oThe Song of Amergin,o voyage literature, poetry of the old Gaelic order, Anglo-Irish writers like Jonathan Swift and Oliver Goldsmith, Big House novels, the work of the Antiquarians, writers of the Celtic Revival, and the work of James Joyce, Samuel Beckett, Flann O'Brien, Patrick Kavanaugh, Seamus Heaney, and Paul Muldoon.
Former Post and ECHO reporter, David Charters, presents a talk on the impact of Celtic culture on Wirral, from 7pm, and PS5 on the door.
Celtic culture is ripe with legends and myths that help to entertain and explain the mysteries of life.
THE NATIONAL LEPRECHAUN MUSEUM The National Leprechaun Museum takes visitors deep into Celtic culture to discover what really lies behind tales of leprechauns, rainbows and pots of gold.
El Castro, the Citadel, sits on the hilltop above the port, where the remains of an ancient Celtic culture can be explored.
I find his dedication to the teaching of Celtic music and the diligence with which he creates opportunities for people of all ages to take part in Celtic culture both admirable and inspirational.
In his company literature he is described as a devotee of art and history who drew inspiration from the Celtic culture in order to create his maiden collection in 1983.
We enjoyed discussions and arguments on Celtic culture and the languages of Scotland (Gaelic and Lowland Scots).